PSY240 Lecture notes on childhood and adolescent issues :)

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Published on 1 Apr 2011
School
UTM
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY240H5
Professor
Maladaptive behaviour in different life periods
-Can’t determine child’s behaviour as being abnormal until you compare them to the children that are
typically seen in the population – “normal
-most people not alarmed by 2 year old temper tantrum, however if 12 year old or 16 year old throwing
tantrum is out of the norm – should have learned by then how to regulate your emotions
-environment in which child grows up in, if environment is unpredictable (abusive adults) we see that
children don’t have very complex view of the world – no understanding that the people around them
have their own stresses and has nothing to do with the child child thinks everything revolves around
them
-children don’t have resources that adolescents and adults have (ex: friends)
-adults have a sense of self-concept and know where to get the resources they need to help manage
their problems
-even when DSM started putting classifications for children (2-3 classifications) in 1950s limited
understanding of mental health of children and younger adolescents
-environment wasn’t considered to be important
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
-hyperactivity – ADHD
-ADD doesn’t have hyperactivity (in terms of motor activity)
-children very hyper and cannot sit still – even if you tell a very hyper child to sit down, they will sit
for a specific amount of time
-a child with ADHD can’t stop even for a couple seconds – might even need to hold the child down
- impulsivity – not thinking about consequences of their decisions
-excessively hyper children have lower IQs maybe that’s why they don’t think of their actions
-ritalin – chemical structure similar to amphetamines (aka “speed”)
-give them a drug like speed and their motor behaviour decreases
-in the case of ADHD the assumption is the reason why the individual is acting in a hyperactive
manner is because there is an understimulation inside the brain so the outward behaviour that exists is
occurring to stimulate the brain. Speed will target internal system and if you stimulate the CNS from
the inside the need for excessive external actions will decrease overall
-1) excessive motor activity – outward behaviour
2) what’s happening in brain?
-cognitive behavioural therapy works to a certain extent but it is usually combined with medication
-has been shown that children with ADHD go on to have other disorders such as depression
Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder
-shows itself in a very early stage in life
-authority figures (parents, teachers)
Conduct disorder
-as you get older, it is then classified as conduct disorder (around 9 years old)
-these individuals display antisocial behaviour
-can breed aggression in specific lines of lab animals
-possible that this has some biological root to it
-personal pathology – personal factors
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Document Summary

Can"t determine child"s behaviour as being abnormal until you compare them to the children that are typically seen in the population normal . Most people not alarmed by 2 year old temper tantrum, however if 12 year old or 16 year old throwing tantrum is out of the norm should have learned by then how to regulate your emotions. Children don"t have resources that adolescents and adults have (ex: friends) Adults have a sense of self-concept and know where to get the resources they need to help manage their problems. Even when dsm started putting classifications for children (2-3 classifications) in 1950s limited understanding of mental health of children and younger adolescents. Add doesn"t have hyperactivity (in terms of motor activity) Children very hyper and cannot sit still even if you tell a very hyper child to sit down, they will sit for a specific amount of time.