PSY240H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Psychopharmacology, Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder, Grey Matter
This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
•Definition : it’s a condition in which a person experiences fear or anxiety when
being in public.
–Can involve public transportation, open spaces, or places that are crowded.
Can also be a fear of leaving the house.
–One characteristic of agoraphobia is the concern that escape from the
situation would be difficult.
–Age of onset: early adulthood.
–More common in women than men.
–May be caused by early-childhood trauma.
•Panic disorder and agoraphobia can co-occur.
•Treatment Both CBT approaches and antidepressants are effective in treating
•Definition A specific phobia is the condition in which an individual experiences
fear or anxiety to a particular condition or object.
•Common phobias fear of snakes, spiders, flying, height, blood, injections, and
•Large gender differences have been found with more females than males
•Over 50% of people with one phobia were found to also have 3 or more
additional phobias during their lifetime.
oBrain areas Anterior cingulate cortex, the insula, the medial prefrontal
cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex, and the thalamus
oExample: When fear objects are shown to individuals with phobias,
exaggerated activity is seen in the amygdala, the insula, and the cingulate
•Phobia Treatment :
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version