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Lecture 5

PSY240H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: American Psychiatric Association, Factor Analysis, Internet Addiction Disorder

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Hywel Morgan

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Lecture 5 – psy240
- The first thing you do to see if someone has a problem is to identify it
oA problem that the person has that’s a significant problem
We all have psychological problems, but these problems are significant
enough to be treated it interferes with our daily living and relationships
with other people
The first part of this processes is assessment
Assessing if someone has a problem
After assessment there is diagnosis
This is the most important part
Once you’re diagnosed with something psychologically, it will
stick with you
You are labeled
oEven when they aren’t exhibiting symptoms
These disorders go away, but sometimes they also come back
oThe label sticks with you though & that could be harmful
oThe label can be stigmatizing
The third part is treatment
There are different types of treatments
oAlso depending on theoretical orientations
oThey all work though
- 1) Diagnosis putting a label on someone with a particular psychological pathology and
abnormal behaviour is the most contentious issue because you are giving someone a
label that will stick forever we use DSM as a diagnostic system (diagnostic statistical
manual) , but it isn’t statistical, we are in DSM 5,but there has been 7 versions we use
DSM to diagnose in north America, it outlines all of the different disorders and what
symptoms constitute these syndromes DSM was derived by the American psychiatric
association in conjunction is with psychological association not everyone uses DSM,
other people use ICD, international classification of disease, version 10 Doctors must
report disease to the government (when you are diagnosed), all diseases and disorders
must be reported in ICD code
Stigmatizing label
- 2) what makes for a good diagnostic system
oClassification system = diagnostic system
oThe first person to suggest a classification system was Kraplin (german)
oWhat makes for a good classification system ?
1) the categories are clearly defined
This means that you specifically and precisely say what the
symptoms are
It has to look like this ___
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