PSY240H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: American Psychological Association, Psychosis, Psych
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PSY240 Week 5 Diagnosis (Applied Psych)
First thing that you do to determine that there’s a problem is to iden#fy a problem
A signi%cant problem
Problem is now signi%cant enough it needs to be treated.
First part of the process is called assessment
Becomes a psychological problem when it interferes with our daily living and our interac#ons with other
Diagnosis is the second and most important part.
Once you’re diagnosed with a psychological disorder, it s#cks with you (Ex. Labelled schizophrenic if you
have or have had schizophrenia)
Even when they’re not exhibi#ng symptoms
Treatment is the 3rd part (almost all treatments work)
Most of the #me, schizophrenia goes away as well as depression.
Chronic schizo and depression are not uncommon or common
Depression and schizophrenia may come back, but it goes away
Label can be s#gma#zing (most signi%cant harm)
Most people with schizophrenia aren’t dangerous
Bene%t of labelling/diagnosis: Treatment (main one)
Diagnosis for a psychological pathology is the most conten#ous issue in psychological %eld. Label s#cks
Numerous a7empts in the past 65 years to derive meaningful diagnos#c systems
Diagnos#c Sta#s#cs Manual 5 (Seventh version) (Not sta#s#cal)
Outlines all of the di9erent disorders and what symptoms cons#tute all the disorders. You have to have
all symptoms to be diagnosed.
Made by the American Psychiatric (MD) Associa#on (Not the American Psychological Associa#on PhD.
They did help though)
Psychiatrists deal with drugs
Psychologist deal with psychotherapy
DSM is very speci%c both bene%cial and detrimental
ICD (Interna#onal Classi%ca#on of Diseases) (Version 10)
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