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Lecture 8

PSY311H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Frontal Lobe, Homeschooling, Legal Liability

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Stuart Kamenetsky

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PSY311 Social Development
Lecture 8
Parenting and Socialization
- The transmission of standards of any given society from one generation to the next
o Cognitive Component: Who to think and what to think
o Social component: How to behave in social situations
o Emotional component: Degree to which one should express emotions in public
o Cultural component: May include religious, ceremonies, media and its affect
- Traditional theoretical/philosophical approaches as to why and how this takes place:
1. The child is born complete and needs to be left alone to develop (child is active).
- Child is born with what he or she needs, just leave the child alone and let
natural course of development take place believe that child is active in
producing his or her own environment.
- If genetic makeup to be leader then child will actively pursue hat niche
therefore develop that skill.
- Different cohorts persecribes to different extents
2. The child is born a blank slate and everything needs to be taught (child is passive)
- The implications are clear that everything needs to be taught (schooling,
parenting activities). This does not provide enough credits for biological
- If parents don’t accept that the biological makeup are responsible for certain
conditions, we get difficult relationships between a parent and child.
3. The child is born bad and needs to be corrected resulting in constant conflict in
the process
- Discipline is extremely important as children are born with animalistic
desires that cannot be controlled. In order to be human, they must be
corrected in order to learn how to control these desires.
- Modern research would attribute inability to control impulses that
socialization is not the only way children learn to control these desires, but it
is the development of the frontal lob of the brain (which doesn’t occur until
20 years of age).
- Children with ADHD cannot be socialized to do certain things, such as to sit
down at the dinner table. But they gradually grow out of this; and later when
they are old they can have much more control and are able to sit at a table
longer. And this is due to the frontal lobe, not socialization.
4. Mutual adaption between parent and child, where both play and active role.
- Children are active in their up bringing and niche picking.
Legal Implication of Parental Responsibilities to Socialize (Pagliocca et al., 1995)
- Parental responsibility to socialize their children is elusive and ill defined
- Parents’ responsibilities are rooted in society’s interest in the healthy socialization of
children as citizens and workers
o We need to make sure that the next generation has what it takes in order to carry
out the duties that have in our societies today. This is what we call healthy
- Most parents never come into contact with the law about such issues, but socialization
“failures” can become a legal problem
o What parents want and what society wants are common goals. Socialization
failure can become a problem, where parents can come into contact with the law.
If unsuccessful socializing their children, they can find themselves in court.
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