Traditional theoretical/philosophical approaches as to why and how this takes place: the child is born complete and needs to be left alone to develop (child is active). Child is born with what he or she needs, just leave the child alone and let natural course of development take place believe that child is active in producing his or her own environment. If genetic makeup to be leader then child will actively pursue hat niche therefore develop that skill. Different cohorts persecribes to different extents: the child is born a blank slate and everything needs to be taught (child is passive) The implications are clear that everything needs to be taught (schooling, parenting activities). This does not provide enough credits for biological components. Discipline is extremely important as children are born with animalistic desires that cannot be controlled. In order to be human, they must be corrected in order to learn how to control these desires.