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Lecture 10

PSY311H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Parenting Styles, Family Therapy

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Stuart Kamenetsky

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Lecture 10 June 11, 2015
Shortcomings of Parenting Style Research:
Other Factors such as SES may cause both parenting style and outcome for child
Parenting styles do not capture the important theme of reciprocal socialization
Many parents use a combination of techniques—while consistent parenting is important, parents must be
sensitive and respond by altering their parenting techniques according to their child’s needs
Observe them at home parenting their children—observe the parents to classify the parent’s parenting style
oProblematic because parents won’t act naturally in front of observer, observer bias
oTypes of parents that participate are usually good parents—hard to recruit a wide range of families
How well adjusted kids are: when they are young look at how they’re parented and once they’re older
oDefine what it means to be well adjusted—hard to define because of individual differences and it is
Define using psychological measures: self-esteem etc.
Use parenting style to predict outcomes of child
oCorrelation does not imply causation
Other factors responsible for both good parenting and good outcomes
Temperament—easy going child, easier to raise and parents are also easy going,
minimal conflict
SES: high SES produces good schools, good neighborhood, good influences, good
teachers, good nutrition/health, associated with 2 parents
Genetic reasons
oOther environmental factors—peer group
oOnly looks at top down socialization
oDifferent kids are unique and require different things
Parents need to be able to capture them and parent them based on their needs
oDifferent situations require different methods
Neighborhood in which child is growing up in
Disobey a rule for different reasons—i.e. had to work longer or stayed out late with friends
Should not look rigidly at parenting styles—must adjust depending on the child and the particular situation
Parenting and public Policy
The quality ad character of parenting results in part from the social context in which families operate
oContext around you
One important feature of this social context is public policy
Public policy effects child development through its effect on parenting
oIndirect effect on child because it primarily effects parents
oCan have some direct effects on child—i.e. new laws for younger children to have to go to school
The following are key issues where public policy has a marked effect on parenthood and in turn on child
1) Family Planning: influencing which kids are born, how many kids are born, will they have children at all
Policies that determine how large families are
Financial incentives for large families
oTax benefits and cash handouts—the more children you have the more money you get
(exponential growth)
oLarge families
Parents might have kids only for financial benefits
Less resources for each individual child—higher likelihood of poverty, less food,
less time devoted to children
More sibling support—help them to prepare for when they’re older
Social advantages
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