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Lecture 9

PSY311H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Corporal Punishment, Parenting Styles, Collectivism

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Stuart Kamenetsky

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Lecture 9:
- Reciprocal influence between parents and children
oThe parents personality if often seen in the children
oParenting matters
oInfluence is very difficult to measure empirically though
- Origin of parental behaviour
oUniversal attributes
Attributes that everyone else in the world has
Like protection of children from harm
Feelings the need to prepare them for life
oCulture specific attributes
Specific cultures
Depending if the culture is individualistic or collectivistic
Individualsistic be competitive, pursue own goals
Collectivistic focus would be against that and would rather child
to be like everyone else
Physical punishment or any desicpline
oIndividual attributes
Parent’s personality and education, or their experiences as a child
- Parental belief systems: what parents think about parenting is just as important as what
they actually do as parents
Parenting styles
- Variation in parental behaviour witin culture
- Important to remember rthat child’s temperament and context of development will have a
strong influence on parenting
oAlso, depending on a child’s temperament, a parent will have to change their
parenting style to help raise the child properly
- Two important dimensions are:
Permissive: allows the child to do whatever they want
Restrivtive: says no all the time no matter what
Warm: warm affection physically and verbally
Hostile: negative, critical, does not provide the child with much physical
and emotional support
Combinations of these two dimentions can result in the following parenting styles
Permissiveness Restrictive
Warmth Democratic: Tend to see the family as a
democracy , we’re all together, we all
contribute to the family and we all share the
resources, kids and adults are seen to be equal,
Overprotective: don’t let the
children do anything, doesn’t
want to let go of the children,
they are never allowed to go out,
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