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Lecture 8

PSY312H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Mahatma Gandhi, Communicative Competence, Habituation

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Christine Burton

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PSY312H-Lecture 8 June 11, 2012
Socio-Cognitive Development
-Milestones-ages at which children should have developed social skills
-Milestones-are guidelines, not all children will reach these skills by that age, most
will but not all, farther away from the milestone the greater the concern
Birth-2 months. Cognitive:
-Can determine that infants habituate to the familiar stimuli
-Habituation one of the easiest forms
-Pattern most prefer is facial stimuli-social
-Recognize facial expression, even at birth can produce emotional expressions
-Right from birth can produce happy, sad, surprised, angry, scared, disgust
-Habituation not unique, facial expression are unique to human beings
Birth-2 months. Emotional:
-Infant dependent on his or her environment to meet their needs
2-6 months:
-See voluntary smiles as a response to interaction
-Increasing eye contact, by 6 months a lack of eye contact will be a sign of a
2-6 months. Cognitive:
-Qualitative change
-4 months of age infants are described as hatching socially
-Autism-not social, living in their own little world
-Explore their own bodies
-Sense of self-first stage of personality development
2-6 months. Emotional and communication:
-Distinct facial expressions
-Initiating games increases social development
6-12 months
-Shows advances in cognitive understanding and communicative competence
-Development of will and intentions
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6-12 months Communication:
-7mos adept of non verbal communication ex: pointing
-By 9 months infants are aware of emotions
-At least by 10 months babbling occurs
-First true word-by about 1 year
-Social interaction with actual words
6-12 months. Cognitive:
-Exploration of the environment increases and mobility
-Imitation of parents and older children
6-12 months. Emotional:
-Predominant mood changes
6-12 months. Linguistic:
-Infants speak their first words
-Respond appropriately to several simple statement
-Points to major body parts and uses 4-6 words spontaneously and correctly
-Average vocabulary of an adult -100,000-150,000 words
12-24 months. Emotional:
-Separation anxiety-common to see in a 2 year old
12-24 months. Linguistic:
-Most dramatic development
-Childs vocabulary balloons the beginning of grammar
-Learning 5-10 words a day
Moral Development
-Morals- the ability to differentiate between right (something should be doing) and
wrong (something should not be doing)
-Morals are not rules
-Children by age of 2 are beginning to learn between should and should not
-Theory of Mind focuses on other’s intentions
-My understanding for the way you feel-empathy
-Develops with experience
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