PSY312H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Mahatma Gandhi, Communicative Competence, Habituation

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PSY312H-Lecture 8 June 11, 2012
Socio-Cognitive Development
-Milestones-ages at which children should have developed social skills
-Milestones-are guidelines, not all children will reach these skills by that age, most
will but not all, farther away from the milestone the greater the concern
Birth-2 months. Cognitive:
-Can determine that infants habituate to the familiar stimuli
-Habituation one of the easiest forms
-Pattern most prefer is facial stimuli-social
-Recognize facial expression, even at birth can produce emotional expressions
-Right from birth can produce happy, sad, surprised, angry, scared, disgust
-Habituation not unique, facial expression are unique to human beings
Birth-2 months. Emotional:
-Infant dependent on his or her environment to meet their needs
2-6 months:
-See voluntary smiles as a response to interaction
-Increasing eye contact, by 6 months a lack of eye contact will be a sign of a
psychopathology-autism
2-6 months. Cognitive:
-Qualitative change
-4 months of age infants are described as hatching socially
-Autism-not social, living in their own little world
-Explore their own bodies
-Sense of self-first stage of personality development
2-6 months. Emotional and communication:
-Distinct facial expressions
-Initiating games increases social development
6-12 months
-Shows advances in cognitive understanding and communicative competence
-Development of will and intentions
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6-12 months Communication:
-7mos adept of non verbal communication ex: pointing
-By 9 months infants are aware of emotions
-At least by 10 months babbling occurs
-First true word-by about 1 year
-Social interaction with actual words
6-12 months. Cognitive:
-Exploration of the environment increases and mobility
-Playthings
-Imitation of parents and older children
6-12 months. Emotional:
-Predominant mood changes
-Tantrum
6-12 months. Linguistic:
-Infants speak their first words
-Respond appropriately to several simple statement
-Points to major body parts and uses 4-6 words spontaneously and correctly
-Average vocabulary of an adult -100,000-150,000 words
12-24 months. Emotional:
-Separation anxiety-common to see in a 2 year old
12-24 months. Linguistic:
-Most dramatic development
-Childs vocabulary balloons the beginning of grammar
-Learning 5-10 words a day
Moral Development
-Morals- the ability to differentiate between right (something should be doing) and
wrong (something should not be doing)
-Morals are not rules
-Children by age of 2 are beginning to learn between should and should not
-Theory of Mind focuses on other’s intentions
-My understanding for the way you feel-empathy
-Develops with experience
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Document Summary

Milestones-ages at which children should have developed social skills. Milestones-are guidelines, not all children will reach these skills by that age, most will but not all, farther away from the milestone the greater the concern. Can determine that infants habituate to the familiar stimuli. Recognize facial expression, even at birth can produce emotional expressions. Right from birth can produce happy, sad, surprised, angry, scared, disgust. Habituation not unique, facial expression are unique to human beings. Infant dependent on his or her environment to meet their needs. See voluntary smiles as a response to interaction. Increasing eye contact, by 6 months a lack of eye contact will be a sign of a psychopathology-autism. 4 months of age infants are described as hatching socially. Autism-not social, living in their own little world. Shows advances in cognitive understanding and communicative competence. 7mos adept of non verbal communication ex: pointing. By 9 months infants are aware of emotions.

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