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Lecture 9

PSY315H5 Lecture 9: Childhood Bilingualism.docx

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Judy Plantinga

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Wednesday March 25th 2015
Lecture 9 – Childhood Bilingualism
Heritage Language: is a minority language spoken by a minority ethnic group;
often the native language for immigrants – second or third generation immigrants
– not necessarily the native langauge
Minority Language: languge that is NOT a language of government, business or
school but spoken by minority group
Mother Tongue: language spoken in childhood and spokeb by child
Home language: Language most often spoken at home
Bilingualism in Canada
-In 2011, 80% of population who reported speaking an immigrant language were in large
Bilinguals are a heterogenous group
Two types
Bilingual first language acquisition – language differentiation
Autonomous Differentiation
Interdependent Differentiation
Simultaneous Bilingual Language Learners
Simultaneous representation of 2 different languages
Less exposure
Bilingual exposure is noisy
Language separation & differentiation
-Bilinguals have less exposure to each language than mono
-The number of words they hear is divided into 2 languages – more native categories to
learn -Noisy Exposure
Phonological Differentiation
Question: does the process of phonological tuning in bilinguals differ from that in
Processing of stress patterns
-10-12 months – show phonological differentiation
-Infants 6-8 months, 10-12, from English only env were tested on ability to discriminate
VOT of French & English voice
-VOT: difference between /pa/ and /ba/
Phonological Differnces in Production
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