Class Notes (905,562)
CA (538,426)
UTM (24,814)
PSY (4,325)
PSY341H5 (46)
Lecture 3

PSY341H5 Lecture 3: PSY341 - Lecture 3

18 Pages

Course Code
Aitken Madison

This preview shows pages 1-4. Sign up to view the full 18 pages of the document.
Page: of

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Lecture 3: Intellectual Disability Thursday, January 4, 2018 11:31 AM Outline o Quick review o Discuss assignment o Unanswered questions o Lecture + discussion part 1: description + diagnosis o Lecture + discussion part 2: causes +interventions o Write down + submit any unanswered questions Quick Review o Research Importance of scientific approach to ensure conclusions are sound + properly interpreted Research addresses questions related to: Epidemiology Correlates, risks + cause Moderating + mediating variables Outcomes Intervention o Assessment, Diagnosis Multi-method assessment Clinical interviewing Observation Rating scales Psychological testing Diagnostic systems - DSM-5 o Treatment Approaches Psychodynamic Behavioural Cognitive Client-centered Family Biological/medical Combined Unanswered Questions from last Week o Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) Divided Neg valence systems Pos valence systems Cognitive systems Social processes Arousal + regulatory Systems Lecture + Discussion Part 1: Description + Diagnosis Objectives o What is an intellectual disability? o What assessment approaches are used to diagnose an intellectual disability? o What developmental course + outcomes are associated with intellectual disability? Neurodevelopmental Disorders o All disorders that are going to be talked about pre-midterm o Onset in developmental period Not firm cut-off in DSM - generally think cut-off of 18 o May manifest early in dev (e.g., before school age) o Impairments in personal, social, academic, or occupational functioning (specific or global) Global Ex more severe intellectual disability o Often co-occur o Include: Intellectual disability (ID) Autism-spectrum disorder Communication + learning disorder Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder o Prevalence What percentage of indivs w/ intellectual disability (ID)? 1% Fairly low incidence rate Meta-analysis of 52 studies from 1980 to 2009 (Maulik et al., 2011) 10.37/1000 = 0.0104 ~1.04% Demographic differences in prevalence Boys > girls (1.6:1) Mild ID: May reflect economic disadv, ident (could reflect an ident bias perhaps) More prevalent in children of lower SES More prevalent in children from minority groups Intellectual Disability o What is ID? "intellectual disability (intellectual developmental disorder) is: A disorder w/ onset during the developmental period that includes both intellectual + adaptive functioning deficits in conceptual, social, + practical domains" o History of Intellectual Disability in Canada 1876 In Orillia - The Orillia Asylum Institutionalization mov continued for many yrs 1955 Organizations started to occur to help this mov away from institutionalizing indivs w/ disabilities + integrate them into communities in more meaningful + appropriate way Ex Community Living 1972 Alberta was particularly problematic in terms of treatment of these indivs 1985 Provided a lot more protection of indivs w/ disabilities Since then have continued to improve indivs rights, access, and? Video: "Let's Talk about Intellectual Disabilities" o DSM-5 Criteria Deficits required in 2 broad areas: Core areas: 1: intellectual functions 2: adaptive functioning With onset during the developmental period Generally childhood, adolescence -- but no hard cut-off/limit o Assessing Intellectual Functioning Standardized assessments result in an intelligence quotient (IQ) - measures general intellectual functioning E.g., WISC-V Most widely used in CN Children's' version, there is an adolescence But it's typically the age range indivs get diagnosed Full-scale IQ --> includes 5 domains Visual spatial Fluid reasoning Matrix analogy Ex pattern, identify the next piece/missing piece Verbal comprehension Describe meaning of word --> concrete reasoning What 2 things might have in common --> abstract reasoning Working mem Repeat list of #s forwards + backwards Processing speed h/ quickly able to do simple, low demand task Ex quickly looking over series of shape + identifying if there are any matches Interpreting WISC-V IQ Scores
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-4 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.