Lecture notes for "attraction, arousal and response" sorted under slide headings :)

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Published on 21 Jul 2011
School
UTM
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY354H5
Professor
Page:
of 3
Asexuality
-small number of ppl who experience little or no sexual attraction to other people
-if it doesn’t negatively affect the person then there is no problem with them
Beauty is not entirely in the eye of the beholder
-culture has an impact when considering beauty
-measure attraction level in babies by measuring the amount of time they look at the picture
-even without a lot of experience, infants will exhibit preferences toward the more
attractive individual as deemed by the adult
Beautiful female faces are symmetrical and youthful
-picture B more attractive
-eyes a little further apart
-narrower nose
-full lips
-delicate jaw
-these characteristics tend to be universal
-female preferences change depending on the phase of their menstrual cycle
-fertile phase (ovulating) – prefer men that have more masculine features and these are
related to amount of testosterone that he has
-square jaw, broad shoulders, deep voice, etc
-outside of fertile phase – prefer more feminine looking males (males with softer
features)
-more trustworthy, better father vs not trustful, too dominating when looking at
very masculine features on a male when not fertile
-high levels of testosterone is not a good thing but still able to maintain good health and
immunity – healthy genes
-people with asymmetrical features are more likely to suffer from a variety of disorders
-extremely premature births, intellectual disorders, some mental disorders – have a lot
less symmetry when compared to typical individuals
Attraction
-depending on cycle phase will prefer different smells
-males wear shirts for a couple of days then put in bag and given to females to smell
seemed to pick the males with higher testosterone levels
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)
-polymorph = many types
-pill can interrupt ovulation process
-want to have a variety of cell surface receptors so they can combat a variety of diseases – more
successful in surviving
Inbreeding avoidance, heterozygosity/rare-allele/diverse-gene hypothesis
-heterozygosity
www.notesolution.com
-refers to variability
-if you have variety of genes in offspring, then their ability to fight of infectious
mutations increases
-rare-allele
-a specific kind of pathogen that your previous generations have never experienced
before but your offspring has the ability to fight it off
-have variation for that one pathogen
-variation to the point that there is a rare pathogen that comes in that allows you to fight it
off
-diverse-gene
-takes into account difference
-offspring are different than you
-different in slight variations
Babyfacedness
-more child-like features more attractive
-larger forehead, large eyes, small nose
-children can’t reproduce so why would we favour them?
-very young children naturally elicit warm protective positive feelings
Attractiveness of bodies may be related to reproductive success
-normally people don’t focus on body parts that are relatively the same between individuals
-ex hands and feet (unless they are really different)
-if you throw off the waist-to-hip ratio, the risk for disease increases
-men say women would find the jock buff type most attractive
-men have a more hypermasculanized assessment of what women actually like
-women like swimmer’s body (slimmer)
Flirting
-women ovulating were very flirtatious
-women ovulating and already had a partner were the most flirtatious and showed the most skin
Attractiveness involves senses besides vision
-testosterone weakens immunity
-low pitch voice – dominance
-high pitch voice - submission
Behavioural beauty
-men find women who find their jokes funny more attractive
-women like men with a good sense of humour
Familiarity both increases and decreases attraction
-we tend to find people with similar characteristics as us more attractive
-the more you are exposed to something then eventually you’ll like it
www.notesolution.com
-coolidge effect
-effect in males, if they’ve just recently mated with a female he’s more likely to prefer
another female to mate with rather than stay with his previous mate
Attractiveness across the menstrual cycle
-females will change the way they are presenting themselves depending on the stage of the
menstrual cycle they are in
-not bleeding and not ovulating = luteal
Theories of emotion
-there is some physiological change in the individual and you may get an interpretation in the
way your body is feeling and then you give it a label
-if you’re laughing body interprets that as there is something positive going on
-trembling = afraid
-”why else would I be trembling if I wasn’t afraid?
-sometimes fear is misinterpreted as sexual arousal
Misattribution of arousal
-fear works in a different way for females
-put a female in the same situation…on the fear inducing bridge they are just going to run
away. They aren’t going to care at all about the phone number
Sexual response follows a cycle
Excitement
Plateau
Orgasm
-oxytocin released more in females than in males
-oxytocin related to pleasurable aspect of breastfeeding so that you’ll do it more
resolution
romantic love, sexual desire, and parenting
-oxytocin released in both men and women
-vasopressin released more in males
-both released within sexual encounter but oxytocin is the big hormone that is released in males
and females…especially females
-released in ratios
Brain activity and love
-right prefrontal cortex (negative emotions) decreases when in love
-…..basal ganglia associated with pleasure
www.notesolution.com

Document Summary

Small number of ppl who experience little or no sexual attraction to other people. If it doesn"t negatively affect the person then there is no problem with them. Beauty is not entirely in the eye of the beholder. Measure attraction level in babies by measuring the amount of time they look at the picture. Even without a lot of experience, infants will exhibit preferences toward the more attractive individual as deemed by the adult. Female preferences change depending on the phase of their menstrual cycle. Fertile phase (ovulating) prefer men that have more masculine features and these are related to amount of testosterone that he has. Outside of fertile phase prefer more feminine looking males (males with softer features) More trustworthy, better father vs not trustful, too dominating when looking at very masculine features on a male when not fertile. High levels of testosterone is not a good thing but still able to maintain good health and immunity healthy genes.