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Lecture 1

PSY393H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Biopsychosocial Model, Temporal Lobe, Ct Scan


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY393H5
Professor
Iva Zovkic
Lecture
1

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PSY393: Lectures
PSY393: Lecture #1 09/10/2015
What is Neuropsychology?
!The study of the relation between human brain function and behaviour.
!We are combining the two studies of psychology and biology which are behaviour and
physiological systems.
!The development of a science of human behavior based on the function of human brain.
!In order to look at a person’s brain without being inside is EEG.
!fMRI’s can be used on healthy individuals. It shows the brain function in a normal
individual.
!Neurology: Medical focus on diseases of CNS.
!Neuroscience: molecular basis of CNS function.
!Psychology: Study of behaviour in general.
Basic Hypothesis
!The Brain Hypothesis:
o!The brain is the source of all behaviour
!The Neuron Hypothesis
o!The neuron is the basic unit of brain structure and function.
!The Biopsychosocial model
o!Brain development and function occurs in a context.
o!There are various factors that affect how the brain works. These things include
stress, trauma, drug, malnutrition etc..
o!Nutrition, opportunity, social support, modeling, stress and reward
systems…etc…
o!Environements impact the way our brain works.
Where does behaviour Reside?
!People would try to treat problems by dealing with the head.
o!Past history shows evidence that behaviour is regulated by the brain.
!Punctures in the skull to relieve pain due to head injury.
!In the past, they treated head injuries and seizures by drilling holes in the skull
Trephination
!People who did all these things had appreciation for the head.
The Growth of theory
!Dualistic issue.
Neurocentric View:
!Alcmaecon
o!If vision is loss had something to do with the brain
!Hippcrates
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