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Lecture 12

PSY100Y5 Lecture 12: PSY100 Social Psychology Lecture

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Dax Urbszat

PSY100 Social Psychology Lecture Attributions (Way we assign causes to effect) • internal vs external - internal: dispositions, trait theories, personality, we think people do things because of who they are - external: external forces, environmental forces, e,g they fell sick, death in the family • stability: e.g someone failed the test, they’re not smart, that’s stable as they wont be smart today, tomorrow or yesterday - internal unstable: stress, tired, didn’t study enough - external unstable: didn’t have enough time to study as schedule is stable - external stable: social class, didn’t have money so get tutors • fundamental attribution error (bias) - idea that the tendency for most human beings is to be trade theorist, disposition theorist, we think that people do things bc of who they are - so we focus on personality traits and neglect environmental factors, situational factors - e.g he’s driving along a road and suddenly the person infront of him jams his brake, and we get angry and be like he’s so stupid why would he do that, but then you realize its because there was a traffic police - so we ignored the environmental possibilities • defensive attribution - e.g victim blaming, people who get raped usually don’t report it bc people will say you brought it upon yourself - problem: we lie to ourself and deceive ourself - it protects us from anxiety - we don’t wanna think about the bad and negative things, so when we hear about things that happened to other people, we blame them as we don’t wanna put ourselves in their shoes, so we put up our illusion, he died bc he’s a bad driver and I’m not, so I keep myself safe by blaming him • self-serving bias - tells us that we will take credit for our successes and look for something to blame when I fail - its adaptive - we don’t know it we are right or wrong and bc we don’t know, we just assume that we are right • individualism vs collectivism - different perspectives in culture and cultures are very different in many ways and the same in others - e.g Japanese students bc American students: every American student, listed the great big fish in the middle of the aquarium, Japanese talked about the fish in the back and the background - so literally, they way they were raised changes how what you pay attention to, what they do - e.g Canadian athletes, when they win, its what they did to win, “im the gold medal winner and I won bc I am the best” and oh yeah, thanks coach” - other people thank their coach, and their group and not themselves. - individualism: believes that it is the individual that is important o and you can be anything u want to be, its your accomplishments that matters, its what you do that matters - collectivism: its about the group, it is how your achievements benefit the group and the group achievements The justification of effort • If someone works hard to attain a goal, the will be more attractive than to the individual who achieves the same goal with no effort. - When you get something for nothing, that usually exactly how you think its worth, you will feel like you scammed yourself • Hazing (initiation) - make people suffer throughout the process, when they finally get in they’ll be so happy and they’ll never leave • Basic training - chanting and saying things at the same time do everything at the same time, insult an individual but praise the platoon, it gets rid of individuality and builds collectivism - the higher you go, the harder it is to get in - the harder they tried to get in, the more they’ll appreciate it and be more loyal to the organization • Charging money for pound puppies - when they used to just be gien away, people assumed that that’s just what they are worth = worthless - but now that they made them pay for it and go though a lot of trouble for these animals, people learn to treat them better bc they are worth all the trouble now • Aronson and mills (1959) sex discussion group with an embarrassing initiation - we know right and wrong but we don’t always act correctly - they invite women to talk about sex, so women volunteer, then he randomly divides them into 2 groups - in group a, the women could just go on in, group b, women have to answer humiliating, embarrassing questions (so this is considered their initiation and they’re made to feel very uncomfortable) (both groups don’t know that they were being treated differently) - women in group a) said that watching ants and their sexual behaviour said that it sucked and they would never come back but women in group b) said that they actually did enjoy it and said that they may actually come back - so the women in group b feel like they’ve been taken advantage of etc., so if they can unconsciously lie to themselves that the group was fun, it helps them take away their feeling of anxiety, negativity, and feeling taken advantage of. - E.g you go to an experiment, its boring, but they paid me $20 so its ok, but another group only got $1, and they lie to themselves saying, it actually was a fun task Why do behaviors change attitudes? • most of the time, attitudes don’t predict behaviour well • best predictor of an attitude is a behaviour e.g when they wanna buy a car, a/b, they decide to buy A and from then on, you only remember the pros of car A and forget the pros of B bc its to
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