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PSY100 Social Psychology NOTES

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Ayesha Khan

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Social Psychology Orson Welles- Martian invasion on radio -War of The World broadcasted as radio show -1838 -music and doom –displaying interviews -we trust what we hear Social Psychology: how people influence others’ behaviours, beliefs, and attitudes -understand how social influence (hearing someone you trust replaying info) -authority gets un-judged because they “must know what they’re talking about” Groups – why we gravitate towards a social sense of being with others Need to belong theory: innate assumption of being a part of social group [Interpersonal connection- between people] -Survivor: there is someone who gets voted out the group, participants get voted out from the group; the group no longer wants them -physical pain brain areas activated during those moments (ie. The sigulet cortex- above the porpus collosa; gets activated when in physical pain—rejection from group= physical pain- need to belong) Evolutionary perspective- having authority in group is beneficial; to conform/obey serves us well The Presence of Others Social facilitation/disruption: (ie. Bicycling people—having people around you facilitates that activity, get adredaline running in competition; people start clapping= keep the adrenaline pumping ie. Golf tournament- people clapping loud= social disturbance ie. Crucial free-throw; people on the other side increase clapping/noise= why? They want social disruption -mostly in competition Attributions: Assigning Cause to Behaviour Fundamental Attribution Error- tendency to overestimate the impact of someone’s personality/attitude/intelligence on why they behave the way they do as appose to looking at their situational influences -overestimate the impact of someone’s dispositional influences on other people’s behaviour -we don’t know how we are going to behave in certain situations -Moral dilemma: based on attitude or the situation? Situational: friend robs a candy, you do to; doesn’t mean you’re always bad Social Comparision Social Comparison Theory- evaluate our beliefs , attitudes, and abilities by comparing ourselves to others -we want to figure out if they’re doing well, should I do that too? Mass hysteria: outbreak of irrational behaviour that’s spread by social contagion – feel pain when outted by the group; drive to believe those that are around you and it’s contagious  Collective delusions: many people simultaneously convinced of bizarre assumptions -ie. UFO sightings- numbers of sightings were reported—mostly during when satellite was launched -ie. Flying saucer- heard from others/media Social Influences Conformity: people change behaviour due to group influence (ie. On the bus, make way, give seats, sit with less space; comformity tells you different rules as to how others are behaving)  Asch Paradigm- people sitting on chairs, rest of the people in on the experiment (confederates- know what’s happening) –Experimenter tells you to look at line, compare the line with other lines; which one is identical to standard lines – if several other participants (confederates) said the wrong line, would you go along with them? -conform to groups- even if we don’t believe it –group dynamics—  Candid Camera- guy in elevator- confederates change position – so does the guy Parametric studies: experiment being conducted is following scientific principles: 1) unanimity 2) difference in the wrong answer 3)Size of the majority -if all confederates make a unanimous decisi
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