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Psychology - Memory.docx

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Dax Urbszat

Memory systems  Automatic  Conscious/unconscious o Unconscious isn’t in the lecture doesn’t remember anything in the lecture o “Not paying attention”  same thing as unconscious Encoding  Attention is the drive behind memory  We ignore 90% of what’s around us  Spot light analogy: house lights are dim but everywhere (unconscious attention) spot light is the consciousness that you move in order to get the information you need, unconscious is dim and everywhere but doesn’t pick up the info you need  Attention is a limited resource  Everywhere you divide attention you decrease performance (texting and driving) taking your attention away from the task at hand Levels of Processing  Shallow-capital letters, colour letters  Intermediate – based on sound, how most people educate themselves, memorize, learn, study, because its what we learn when we are 5 years old and start to talk  Deep – learning new methods, playing an instrument, taking symbolism and processing it into other symbols, old info that is easily retrieved, take the new and connect it to the old and remember the old  Facilitating Encoding o Strategies to improve how you take in information o Elaboration – making an example, (Mr Dax) stories, anecdotes, metaphors, examples o Visual Imagery – ROYGIBIV, create a visual image rainbow, taking new information and connect it to the visual information you created o Self Referential Encoding – think about things in terms of yourself, understand how a concept works and you’ll know it for a life time o Rehearsal and Over Learning – keep going over stuff and getting better at it, can’t keep learning and get worse o Deep and transfer appropriate processing – you want to take in information the way its going to be taken from you, if you’re studying for a multiple choice test you want to answer multiple choice questions o Distributed practice –spread out studying instead of cramming, after a certain amount of studying your brain shuts down, sleep and time are needed o Organize information-organizing information so its easier to follow Mnemonic Devices -SQ3R – active reading and understand what you rea
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