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Psychology (4,206)
PSY210H5 (299)
Lecture

PSY210H5S - Session 1.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY210H5
Professor
Anna Grivas Matejka
Semester
Winter

Description
TextbookNotes • ChildDevelopment-fieldofstudythatisinterestedinwhatthingschangeaschildrengetolderandhow thesechangescomeabout • Importance • Canhelpsocietyprotectandadvancewellbeingofchildrenandtoshapesocialpolicyonbehalfof children • History • Darwin'sresearchoninfants'earlysensory&perceptualcapabilitiesandchildren'semotions demonstratedthatscientistscouldstudyinfantsandchildren US:Watsoncontinuedformalanalysisofchildren'slearningcapacities • • Europe:Freud&Piagetwereimportantcontributorstoourunderstandingofchildren • HistoryofpsychologicalstudyofchildreninCanadasamelengthasUSeventhoughCPA46years youngerthanAPA • AppointmentofBaldwintoUofTsignificanteventinCanadiandevelopmentalpsychology • RememberedforopeningfirstpsychologylabonBritishsoil • Publishedpapersonvarioustopicswithinchilddevelopmentusinghisdaughterasasubject • OpeningofSt.George'sSchoolforChildStudyInTorontowhichstilloperatestodaysignificant • InitiallyheadedbyBlatzwhobecamelaterknownforhisthree-yearstudyofDionnequintuplets •Groupof5sisterswhowereraisedfrom2monthsto8yearsofageinaspecialcompound thatwasondisplaytothepublic •Promotedstudyofchilddevelopment • Aspectsofdevelopment • Biological,cognitive,linguistic,emotional,&social • OriginsofBehaviour:Biologicalvs.EnvironmentalInfluences • Mostcontemporarytheoriesrecognizebothbiological&environmentalinfluencesondevelopmentbut disagreeonbalanceorrelativeimportanceofthetwo • Gesellbelievedthatcourseofdevelopmentwaslargelypredeterminedbybiologicalfactors • Maturation-geneticallypredeterminedprocessofgrowththatunfoldsnaturallyoveraperiodof time • Watsonassumedthatbio LectureNotes • Lookat0-18yearsofagebecausethisiswhenmostofdevelopmentoccurs • Plasticity-abilityofbraintochange • 5areasofdevelopmentthatwelookat-cognitive,emotional,motor,social,&behaviour • 2questions:what'schangingindevelopmentandhowisitcomingabout • Studyingthechangeofthechildbetween0-18yearsofage • Naturevs.Nurture • Interactionbetweenphysical,social,andbiologicalworld;childrendon'tliveinabubble •Whataffectssomebody(ex.environment)maynotaffectsomebodyelsethesameway;howfactorsaffect childrennotclearcutanduniform •Interactionbetweennatureandnurture •Keyfindingisthatthechildplaysaroleintheirdevelopment(ex.Howdoespersonalityofchildaffectthe waytheirparentsraisethem?) • Ex.Childisbornanxiousandparentsareanxious •Parentsmaysuppressthebehavioursothattheydon'tturnoutthatway • Ex.Childisanxious,parentsarenot •Wanttoensureenvironmentdoesn'ttriggeranxietybeingcarefulofexperiences,observing responses • Continuityvs.Discontinuity •Describesdifferentways(lenses)developmentoccurs •Continuity-everythinghappensgradually,smoothtrajectory •Discontinuity-stagedprogressmovingfromonestagetothenext(ex.Canhavelanguageburstfrom5 wordsto25words) •Consensusiscontinuous,notabruptchanges •Dependingonlens,cansplitdevelopmentintostages •FigureC-overlappingwages:childwilllearnstrategyandswitchtoanotheronethatismoreefficient untillearningonethatismostefficient(ex.Screamingatmom->screamingatindividualwhofeeds them->startgesturingtowardsfood->eventuallyask) • Individualvs.Culturalcharacteristics •Cultural,meaning,whatcontextyoulivein •Factorsdon'texistinisolationandthataninteractionexist
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