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PSY210 - Session 10.pdf

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Anna Grivas Matejka

Think of families as system; parents and siblings (immediate family) Sub-system: couple, siblings, parent-child Family's main role to socialize child; two-way street, both socialize each other Family functions within macro system; church, school, etc. If too isolated, shows a clue when showing pathology Reason: family lacks support Family system constantly changing; needs to be quite flexible When too rigid, not adapting well to changes around them, may be a signal of pathology Ex. When children become adolescents; say parents don't understand them and this may be true Systems Theory Organized - parents play role of parent in functional way; when disordered leads to pathology ex. Parents acting like adolescents, or family going through health issue leading children to play role of caregiver and not developmentally appropriate Identity - how you would describe it ex. Caring family, supportive family, abusive family Identity should be realistic (no one is perfect, forthcoming with good and bad) Change/transition - adolescence, death, economic issue, etc. Equifinality - families have multiple ways of reaching similar goals/ends Interdependent - pathology affects entire family ex. Bring entire family including nanny for assessment Boundaries - when healthy well-established, parent playing parent role (setting rules, expectations, etc.), they stay within boundary Unhealthy/enmeshed - ex. parent wearing child's clothes, hanging out with their child's kids; ex. Parents asking kids to take sides Marital System Directly affected - witness conflict, see abuse Indirectly affected - affects parents who for example become anxious & depressed affects parenting Boys more susceptible because girls are better at accessing support from peers, teachers, etc. or boys appear more susceptible since externalize behaviour (methodological issue) If relationship between couple doing well, parent-child relationship tends to be better Explicit unobserved resolution most effective - someone tells children conflict resolved Impact of New Baby Play more traditional role - women feel like their giving up career, goals Parent-child System Motor skills and language system development makes it more difficult for parents Parents who use learning principles have better parent-child relationship ex. Using reinforcement, descriptive phrase Environment - tv shows, neighbourhood, etc. ex. If child being bullied, parents go to school, talk to principal, find out what's going on and what will be done Dimensions of Parental Behaviour Emotionality - when parent warm to child, child understands
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