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Lecture

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY210H5
Professor
Anna Grivas Matejka
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY210Chapter 7 Lecture NotesLanguageCommunication Emotional expression GesturingNonverbal movements eye contact Facial expression doesnt match verbal expressionLanguage is a type of communicationbut how does it develop Need to study child 24 hours a day as they develop and interact with different peoplevirtually impossible and complexone researcher studied his own childs life from birth by setting up cameras all over a little biased videowhy do we talkwhen child utters single words parents simplify speechthen when speech becomes complex parents go back to long sentences parents did this unconsciously but varies by culture and educationchildren w delayed single word speech have parents who do not do this and use long sentences parents also reinforce when children learn new vocabulary which helps child develop meaning to the word reinforcement must occur immediately and be true and social Early Language Development among InfantsSounds move from unintentional to intentional needs wants socialCooing Vowel sounds BabblingCV VC CVCStart with m n p b d and end with th r and jSome not mastered until 45 years of age Cooing is different from babbling bc babbling involves consonant and vowels Babies begin to coo within first month Usually coo to get needs met then wants then social needs Cooing is main vocalization bw 06 months due to anatomyvoice box is in a place so that they dont choke survival mechanism but being in a high place does not allow to make many sounds After 6 months can sit up and have cognitive skills to launch food if do choke thus voice box moves into lower part of throat allowing to make more sophisticated soundsbabbling which also progressesconsonants Do consonant vowel ma bafrom front of mouth involves lips one movementeasiest to make thetongue in teeth harder to push air out abdomen will tense then vowel consonant am then consonant vowel consonant Once have established babbling will begin to make sounds words associated with language For a lot of children r and j are hard to master and may not be mastered until 45 years Sippy cups and straws allow children to develop muscles for speech soundsEarly Social CommunicationDevelops before expressive languageCommunicative partnerIndicators of social communicationJoint Attention We develop social comm first nonverbal and then verbal first word When they eventually talk it is to convey a message and social comm helps the child understand this Develop eye contact in order to communicate socially with someone 1012 months of life when we call their name and they respond indicates social comm bc understand someone is calling them and it is because that person wants to communicate with them show or tell something bring to safety open arms for embrace Gesturesputting hands up inair indicates wanting to be picked up open hand reach trying to feed green mush to baby and get response of shaking head protest In typical development first shaking then nodding
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