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PSY210 Lecture 1 .doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Elizabeth Johnson

PSY210 Lecture 1 January 02/2012 Developmental psych: Scientific study of changes or continuities in an organism b/w initial conception and aging. History and Theories: Plato- nativist: where does human knowledge come from. Argued that our perceptual knowledge is fallible, it doesn’t come experience. Its innate • experience doesn’t give us knowledge we have, its innateness and different incidents that trigger that knowledge. Aristotle: human knowledge comes from experience: empiricist. John Locke: empiricist: human knowledge is based on perceptual exp Experience moulds the child into a unique individual John Watson Tabular rasa- blank slate- mind of children (nativist) All children are created equal Darwin- observed his own child. Problems were that you have a small sample size and your observation is biased. Documented development of his child, baby diaries. G Stanley hall- founder of develop psych. inspired by Darwin, followed normative approach. What stages a child goes through when it comes to education. Believed that children, go according to maturational plan, which unfolds automatically, this is more nativist. Looked at similarities Alfred Binet- looked at differences between children. He developed the first measure of intelligence John Watson-founded behaviourism movement, empiricist approach, experimental approach. Very convinced that experience entirely shapes the human being. Emphasized imp of punishment and reward in child rearing. Exp entirely shapes individual Sigmund Freud- emphasized the role of childhood in adult behaviour. Therefore the study of child psychology is important Many aspects of human physical and emotional development are genetically encoded. Early development unfolds according to a well defined plan. Experience begins before birth and affects the behaviour of the fetus. Aristotle, Locke, Watson - infants depend on experience to gain knowledge about the world. Plato, Rousseau- infants posses extensive innate knowledge about the world. The sex of the child is solely determined by the father (provides either X or Y..mother always contributes X), instant of fertilization determines what your child looks like, what behaviour it will have and how much susceptibility it has to certain disease. Outer circle- placenta, support system, inner circle embryo. Stem cells can grow to become any part of the body. First few
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