UTM Summer 2013- Lecture #7
- We need to assess how willing we are to kill for our group and how willing we are to kill others.
The “fog of war”.
- What is a group? Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact with and
influence one another and perceive one another as “us”. Can you identify your group members
vs. other members and how you identify them?
- Social facilitation: presence of others can affect performance. Competition breeds higher
performance. Run faster when being chased and when people are looking at you. The presence
of others brings about other physiological changes.
- The effects of social arousal: presence of others leads to adrenaline rush which leads to better
performance. When you clump a group together, they clap more, listen more and focus more.
Hence when performers pack people in together. If it’s packed in, everyone must like it and
cognitive dissonance tells you that you must enjoy it.
- Social loafing is when we have a large number of people together, sometimes it decreases
performance. We are inherently lazy when we can get away with it.
- Social loafing exists among various species (cockroaches, birds, etc.).
- Can offer challenges and incentives. If you offer an incentive for the group, that can get rid of
social loafing so that everyone tries their best.
- Calhoun’s Behavioural sink: crowding is like being watched by a crowd unless we are made to be
anonymous. We perspire more, muscles tensed,etc. Often good or bad depends on situation.
Either way, we might have a good time because it’s packed or we might be scared.
- Primary territory is your room, home and bed,etc. Secondary territory is when someone takes
your seat at a movie theatre. Public territories are uncontrollable areas used by whoever is first
- We act differently in our