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Personality - Lec 12

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PSYB30: Personality Psychology Lecture #12 (03/30/2009) The Road to Theoretical Integration ***[TEXT] Table 1.1 Presents 5 dimensions, - All of these are dichotomies; mutually exclusive terms Evaluating Core Philosophies 1) Freedom or determinism? [Related idea: conscious or unconscious?] 2) Biological or social influences? [Related idea: heredity or environment?] -takes on the INTERACTIONIST theory -one that recognizes biology(heredity) but that’s not all that comprises us b/c environment also has influence -social interactions make us unique 3) Uniqueness or universality of character? 4) Proactive or reactive behavior? -basically asking: are people choosing what they’re going to do next OR are they reacting to things put upon them by either the environment or internal states -PROACTIVE doesn’t necessarily mean coming from within cause they can be reacting to dry states (ie. hunger) [Related: teleology or causality?] -teleology (Maslow)positions argue that ppl are future oriented (looking at current to predict the future instead of looking at the past) 5) Optimistic or pessimistic? [Related idea: plastic or plaster development?] Example: Sigmund Freud 1) Deterministic; unconscious influences  people have little choice in what they do 2) Mostly biological; early life experience key 3) Biological similarities and social differences 4) Largely reactive  drive reduction 5) Generally pessimistic (especially later) Evaluating Theory Utility 1) Research generativity  favors older theories cuz the older a theory is the longer its been around and more research that has been done on it 2) Falsifiability 3) Organizes data (i.e., e
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