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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Part 1 For those of you who missed class, these notes have all the lecture slides and my own notes taken integrated together in one neat word document. Great for last minute studying!

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Ayesha Khan

PSY240 Chapter 3 Causal FactorsViewpoints in Abnormal PsychologyRisk FactorsComplexity in human behaviorHard to figure out the exact cause of a disorder Causes Vs Risk FactorsVariablesCorrelated with abnormal outcomevariable is connected w an abnormal outcomeWhat are the factors that lead to a certain abnormal behaviorCultural upbringing biological heredity etcWhat are the variables that come w these mental disordersHow can we refine our educated guessesrisk factorsCausesRisk FactorsEtiologyThe causal pattern of abnormal behaviourWhat bring about the abnormal behaviourNecessary causeCause must exist for a disorder to occurEx PTSD doesnt occur unless the person has an anxiety provoking experienceSufficient causeSomething that guarantees theoccurence of the disorderEx If someone has lots of hopelessness its a sufficient cause for depression to be brought out in the individualContributory causeIncreases the probability of a particular mental disorder to occurex Parental rejection in early life will increase the probability that the person will have relationship issues later in lifeCausal factorsDistal distance far awaySomething in the past influences current behaviourEx If a person loses their parent early in childhood increases the probability that they are going to engaged in antisocial behaviour later on in adulthoodProximal proximate nearbySomething that happens really close byEx Getting a really bad grade in a course causes stress and signs of depressionA reinforcing contributory causeMaintains maladaptive behaviour that is already occurringA condition that maintains we dysfunctional behaviour is occuringReinforcing effect discourages recoveryEx Death of a loved one cant be mourned forever need to move on in lifeFeedbackCircularity in Abnormal BehaviourOur concepts of causal relationships must take into account the following
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