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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - Psychological Assessment

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Hywel Morgan

PSY240H5 – Introduction toAbnormal Psychology Lecture 6 – February 10, 2014 Topics: - PsychologicalAssessment - Classification and Diagnosis - Research Methods PsychologicalAssessment - Psychologists have developed thousands of methods to assess someone and we’ve been careful (in most circumstances) to derive those assessment tools statistically - Three types of assessment: o Testing  Collecting statistics; deviating from the norm? o Observation  Does it look abnormal? o Interview  This is the most common form of assessment First Stage of Assessment: Referral - Referrals give you clues about the diagnostic category, the clients understand of their problems, and gives you their understanding of their willingness to do something about it o If someone says that they are sad, you won’t refer them to a cardiologist - Referrals can be provided by a number of professionals o Social Worker o Psychologist o Physician - Referral tells you the nature of the problem and the motivation of the client o The client can present themselves for a referral, or the client can be referred from a different source - Motivation is important: o Often people seek assessment because they feel like something is wrong with them (they can feel blamed, or that they are the only person suffering) o Typically, in assessment, you do see an emotion, and it is the motivation of anxiety; which can decrease motivation - Primary symptoms, the duration, the onset, medical status of the patient Three types ofAssessment Observation - The “simplest” form of assessment - General appearance o Simply looking at how a client present themselves, tells you a lot about their social, physical and personality characteristics o Does their deportment and appearance fit their social economic status? Age? Education level?  Just by looking at how they appear, gives you clues about what questions to ask - Gestures and expressions o Anxiety = the body is tense; and your have wide eyes  this person doesn’t need to tell you how their feel; you can see it by expression PSY240H5 – Introduction toAbnormal Psychology Lecture 6 – February 10, 2014 o You can learn to pick up these expressions and gestures - Motor act o This is an area of responsivity that is affected by neurological, physiological, pharmological and psychological variables  Whats happening in the brain, body, chemistry and mind o Underactive (no movement) tells you  could be depression, chemical imbalance, or schizophrenia - Verbalizations o This isn’t the content of what someone says, but the structure (assuming that your client is verbal) o It can tell us a general level of intelligence just by looking at the structure o Neologe – making up words is an indication usually of a psychotic conditions o Can give you information about memories – what they remember about particular events - Warnings: o You may be noticing behaviours that fit your working hypothesis o You may be looking at one point in time Interview - This is a more formal type of observations (requiring interactions of questions and responses) o More inf
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