Class Notes (838,403)
Canada (510,881)
Psychology (4,237)
PSY240H5 (289)
Lecture

Lecture 3

4 Pages
111 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY240H5
Professor
Ayesha Khan
Semester
Winter

Description
Abnormal Psychology Lecture 3 Causes and Risk Factors - Etiology - Necessary cause : For PTSD to occur there must be a traumatic event -Sufficient cause: Hopelessness is sufficient for depression to occur -Contributory cause: Causal factors - Distal Something happens in the backgroundlife history and sets the stage for the disorder Ie. Neglectful childhood can be the cause of depression - Proximal- A situation that is too much for an individual to handle Ie. Fail a course and that recent occurrence brings the depression A reinforcing contributory cause - Maintains maladaptive behaviour that is already occurring Ie. When child is staying home in pyjamas you say its okay and reinforce it. Feedback and Circularity in Abnormal Behaviour - Our concepts of causal relationships must take into account the folloring -Feedback: Lots of components not just A causes B -Patterns of interactions -Circularity: change in one component effects all the other components as well Diathesis-Stress Models Diathesis - Relatively distal necessary or contributory cause that is not sufficient to cause the disorder -Something you have within you (predisposition). -Can be because of something biological, psychological (cognition-thinking pattern) Stress -The response of an individual to demands perceived as taxing Additive model -High diathesis may require small amounts of stress for a mental disorder to develop - Low diathesis (I dont care either way may require large amounts of stress for a mental disorder to develop -Diathesis + stress Interactive model - Some amount of diathesis must be present before stress will have any effect www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSY240H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit