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Lecture 8

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY270H5
Professor
Christine Burton
Semester
Summer

Description
Monday March 8 2010PSY270 Lecture 8 About your tests Disregard one of the MC questionsit was missing a crucial piece info so you couldnt answer it correctly It was question number 23it was the one that had the list that if you could remember 10 items youll win 10which one Languagewould you choose for a numberI left out that that question was intended to tap STMwithout that info it would be March82010impossible to know which coding system is best So I just decided to pretend that question wasnt there so the score you see is now out of a possible 69 points Well in case youre wondering I had intended the answer to be the list of unrelated lettersSTM we encode acoustically so the shortest nonrhyming list should be the easiest to remember However if you get into LTM there are lots of possible answersif you get into semantic encoding different kinds of mnemonic devices that can be used so there are multiple right answers if you think about in terms of LTM So without saying STM its really impossible for you to get the right answer Question Is the final cumulative So it does say in the syllabus that yes the final will be cumulativehowever it will be more ndheavily weighted on info in the 2 half Once I have it written I will give you more of a break down of exactly the weighting The structure is going to be very similar to the midterm so there will be multiple choice a short answer section where you sort of comparecontrastthen an experiment section In general I really recommend that when youre studying especially with the experiment section when youre trying to sort of figure out which experiment is the right one to choose when you study make sure you have the concept you pick out the conceptfind the experiment that we talked about in class for that conceptlink it upso when you study link them together as you godont just memorize the experimentheres the experimentthis is exactly why it supports for this concept So that will be really helpful for you so that way when you come across a concept youll be linked youll have that retrieval cueyoull rememberlinked up thatserve as a cue to bring up the experiment itd be a lot easier Question The average now with that ignoring the question is 71seems to be on the right track Today we are talking about languagethis one at least in Todays Goalsmind maybe it wont strike you in the same way but language Im really going to treat as a survey topic than any of the others Determinewhatalanguageisweve talked aboutso really were going to spend time really Discusstheinteractionbetweenlanguageandtouching briefly on a lot of different areas in language without thoughtgoing into depth about any of them So well start off by just talking about what makes a language a Explainthedifferentlevelswecanusetostudylanguage And then were going to spend a little bit of time languageandwhatwehavelearnedaboutthemPhonologytalking about the relationship bw languagethoughtthe Morphologyreason for that is its a cognitive force we want to know how do Syntaxwe use language to communicate whats going on inside so Semanticsforwordsanddiscoursewere not as interested in this course so its important about the Pragmaticsstructure of languagewe want to know what its going to do for us And then were going to start that survey portionwe can study language at different levelsIm going to introduce the levelsIm just going to talk a little bit about each one So language really is just a communication toolits a set of Languagerules that we use to communicate with each other We know that language can be spoken or writtenalso signed Languageverybroadlyisasetofrulesusedtowe can have sign languagecommunicate What is interesting about this is that language seems to come Canbespokenorwrittenorsignednaturally to us to humans Now I dont really want to get into the is it innate is it learned debate but regardless language is Languageisaverycomplexskillthatwemastereasy for us to learnit just comes naturallytheres lots of effortlesslyevidence that if you dont have sufficient input for language we can still develop some language skills This is specific for spoken language or signed language sort of what is different is written language so where spoken or sign language seems to come naturally to us its easy to learn written language is a completely manufactured human invention Its really a lot more difficult for us to learn written language to learn to readto learn to write So its interesting that we seem to want writtenspoken language to do the same thing but I guess the question is bc one is so easyone is so difficult the question is do we use the same process ones natural ones inventeddo they tap the same kind of processesthats one question thats being asked about the differences bw spokenwritten language So language is very complex but its easy to master Your average university student has a vocabulary of about 75000 to 100000 different words but we can access them easily instantly its no problem Your average person speaks at a rate of about 3 words a secondits easy for us to come up with those 3 words a second to understand those 3 words a secondin that huge vocabulary you just pick them out instantly Complexityone linguist Pinker you may have heard of has written a lot of popular books has estimated that it would take 100 billion years to say all possible 20 word sentences So language is very complexwe can come up with a lot of different things to say but it all seems to come naturally its really not an effort for you to say anything or to hear or
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