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Lecture 3

Week 3.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY311H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky

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Jan 21 2013 Week 3 Constructing first relationships - the emergence of the first relationship is fascinating and may be a prototype for all subsequent relationships - we infer relationships from interactions but the sum of interactions does not equal a relationship - most ppl believe it is a prototypical relationship - if it is a trusting relation with parent the child will grow up to have trusting relations - i.e hand gestures - interactions that are observable - relationships are inferred based on interactions that is observed - i.e you can see a person cry and infer hey are sad, but you would not be able to see the sadness Stages of interactional development - biological regulation (0 months) - developmental task: to regularize the infant’s basic biological processes and to harmonize them with parental requirements - child comes in with his/her own unique needs - parents also come in with their own requirements too (due to cultural/ traditional reasons) - parents also change in turns of how stuck they are and what to do and not do when it comes to raising a child - want to regularize the infants biological processes - pattern of sleeping and wake times (this is a processes - important one) - other processes involve feeding (which has its deviations) - depends on how the regularization takes place (for both child and parent) - how does it work? - characterized by fixed action patterns - process of them getting to know each other - Face-to-Face exchanges (2 months) - developmental task: to regulate mutual attention and responsiveness in face to face situations - picture a child sitting in a car seat (90 degree seat with 45 degree angle to seat) - secure the seat, to hold the child’s head up - child is awake and head up - child and parent can communicate with the face to face exchanges - able to regulate mutual attention - important aspect of development and communication - important features of this include direct eye to eye contact - child’s visual equity changes and becomes more better (to see the colours, objects, structures, faces etc) - social smiling (fixed action pattern) - child smiles and parent smile backs and vice versa - child develops the ability to distinguish b/w people by looking at the face - to tell if child is paying attention to faces it depends on how long the child looks at the faces - full faces - facial features need to be in order - for the child to produce a smile (child will not smile to picture but will in person) - child is gradually able to distinguish between people by scanning the faces - infants have cycles of attention and non-attention Jan 21 2013 Week 3 - can’t change the child’s attention/non-attention but the parent can change their own so that they are able to communicate with the child (
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