Class Notes (834,149)
Canada (508,378)
Psychology (4,208)
PSY311H5 (169)
Lecture 7

PSY311 Lecture 7

6 Pages
176 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY311H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY311 – Parenting and Socialization Socialization - The transmission of standards of any given society from one generation to the next o Includes many components: cognitive, rational skills, social components, emotion (how to react and to what extent, who you can express your feelings to), cultural components (religion, food) - Traditional theoretical/philosophical approaches as to why and how this takes place: o The child is born complete and needs to be left alone to develop (child is active)  Slow parenting approach where the child is left to develop on their own with little parenting and support o The child is born a blank slate and everything needs to be taught (the child is passive) o The child is born bad and needs to be corrected resulting in constant conflict in the process  Teaching skills associated with this style require a lot of discipline  Frontal lobe (for impulses) is very late developing  However, the child gets better and better regardless of how the parent treats the child o Mutual adaptation between parent and child, where both play an active part  ALL of these provide some understanding and insight into how development works Legal Implications of Parental Responsibility to Socialize - Pagliocca et Al. 1995 - Parental responsibility to socialize their children is elusive and ill defined o No clear rules about parenting and least trained for it - Parents responsibilities are rooted in society’s interest in the healthy socialization of children as citizens and workers - Most parents never come into contact with the law about such issues, but socialization “failures” can become a legal problem What are Parental Legal Duties? - Pagliocca et al, 1995 1. Schooling - Parents and school system usually agree about values o Parents can have some role in the education process - Home Schooling: in most places you need to get approval for this o Some criticisms for public schooling: access to negative role models and negative influences - Children with Disabilities 2. Discipline - For the most part the state does not get involved unless there is some signs of physical abuse (emotional abuse is harder to prove) - Legal System may get involved if parents: o Cannot control their children’s public behaviour o Cannot control their own behaviour in the course of disciplining their children while in public - Legal system may get involved when children misbehave even if this does not constitute an actual crime - Parents are, sometimes, the complainants in such cases o What little trust the child may have left ,will be gone and the child may feel like they have no one - In some states courts can hold parents responsible for failing to socialize their children if: o Parent fails to comply with a court order to assume particular parental responsibilities o The parent contributes to the delinqiuncy of a minor o Legal liability for damages caused by their children o New laws in some jurisdictions – parents are directly responsible for their children’s delinquent offences - Parents, however, are not told what they should do to appropriately socialze their children - In many cases, despite “good” parenting, children, due to socialization from sources outside of the family, become juvenile delinquents Parenting: - Reciprocal influence between parents and children - Origin of parental behaviour: o Universal attributes o Culture-specific attributes o Individual attributes - Parental belief systems: what parents think about parenting is just as important as what they actually do as parents Parenting Styles: - Variation in parental behavior within culture - Important to remember that child’s temperament and context of development will have a strong influence on parenting style - Two important dimensions are: o Permissiveness/restrictiveness o Warmth/hospitality Combinations of these two dimensions can result in the following parenting styles: Permissiveness Restrictiveness Warmth Democratic Overprotective Hostility Neglecting Authoritarian Baumrind’s Parenting Styles: - Authoritarian – high expectations, little support - Permissive – low expectations, lots of support - Authoritative – high expectations, lots of support - Rejecting/neglecting: low expectations, little support Short Comings of Parenting Style Research: - Other factors, such as SES may cause both parenting style and outcome for
More Less

Related notes for PSY311H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit