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University of Toronto Mississauga
Stuart Kamenetsky

1/7 Lecture 1 What is Social development? -a branch of developmental psychology -sub field that studies: -changes over time in the child’s understanding of attitudes toward, and actions with others (we can record and assess how a child changes as they get older. Going to monitor understanding and attitudes towards *cognitive component* . And how actions changes *behavioral component*) -Stanley Hall, “Father” of American Psychology, studied: “the small child’s activities and feelings, control of emotions and will” -includes affective, cognitive, and social aspects of development -Social psychology (which WE wont be focusing on) focuses on how we realte to others and how others influence our behaviors, feelings, and thoughts. Focuses on adults, not over time Why are children studied? -because of an interest in children (questions such as “what is my child supposed to do at age X?”) -practical implications (medical, educational) -theoretical implications -because of an interest in adults (questions about the nature and product of development – in order to understand why adults behave the way they do) Historical Perspective (Collins, 2002) -evolutionary develthment of the field -not till the late 19 century that the scientific study of children had begun -3 periods of social development research -emergence (1870s-1900s): baby biographies (Darwin, Hall). Same questions asked today but different methods -middle period (1900s-1960s): -Maturationalist approach: chart and describe the unfolding of endowed characteristics -Environmentalist approach: Watson (behaviorism)- experimentally and objectively determine how the child learns. (acknowledge that children learn but it was limited to classical and operant conditions. Socialization went more into depth.) -Socialization: Psychoanalytic and sociological theory- how do adults contribute to child growth and development -Modern Era (1960s- today): -Structuralist Approach: Piaget, Kohlberg – social processes are important and children is an active agent. Building on the previous era. -Normative-descriptive focus resulting in stage theories. Want to generalize. Transformations in Social Development Research (Collins, 2002) -specifying developmental processes (not just social dev. but all of psych tried very hard to do this) -the search for developmental processes (maturational, behaviorism, psychoa
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