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Lecture 20

Lecture 20.docx

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Simone Walker

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1Psy311 Lecture 20March 31 2014Social Experience and its AftermathHow significant and important is childhoodWhat role do childhood events pay in determining adult personalityo For example daycare school parenting and to what extent do these predict adult personality A lot of research in this field is longitudinal researchDo early experiences lease irreversible effects oThey usually focus on negative effects Is there a continuity from childhood to adulthood and if sowhat are the features of this continuity oFor example so you become from shy to outgoing Etc To what degree is personality constant Early events of children are very important Lots of money go into early childhood education neuroplasticity takes place at that time because brain is very young and plastic and if things are not done right it will leave irreversible effects Theoretical Answers FreudNeuroses are only acquired during early childhood even though symptoms may not appear until much later oNeuroses are anxieties and difficulties we have in adjusting Some people have them much worse than others while other people are more easygoing If a child has neurotic role model or if situations cause child to be neurotic then the child will be neurotic and this only happens in the childhoodThe child is psychologically father to the man oFather determines what the child is going to be like The childhood is going to determine what adulthood is going to be like According to Freud childhood is extremely important There is straightforward continuity between childhood and adulthood more controversialoFor example if there is a problem in the oral stage the person will be fixated in that stage and engage in related adult habits such as smoking There is not much direct evidence of this One can work backwards to reconstruct childhood experiences or work forward to predict future adult psychopathology oOr could work forward to predict psychopathology Empirical investigations have failed to show such a clear and direct association oBased a lot on memory of individuals who have psychopathology Longitudinal research so parents are being asked what the child was like so very subjectiveTheoretical Answers EriksonChild acquires a sense of trust or mistrust through feeding experiencesemphasis on general personal relationship qualities rather than on specific experiences that may cause adult psychopathology
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