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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Constructing First Relationships

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Stuart Kamenetsky

PSY311Social DevelopmentLecture 3Constructing First Relationships The emergence of the first relationship is fascinating and may be a prototype for all subsequent relationships oIe A couple having their first childWe infer relationship from interaction but the sum of interactions does not equal a relationshipsoWe cannot observe relationships but we can observe interactions Ie how people are affectionate towards one another or when someone smilesStages of Interactional DevelopmentBiological Regulation 0 MonthsoDevelopmental Task To regularize the infants basic biological process and to harmonize them with parental requirements Sleeping eating and using the washroom need to be regularizedFeeding and sleeping depend on both on infants requirements and the parents wants and eventually these become harmonized Often characterized by fixed action patterns Ie child is not happy baby cries baby cries for 10 minutes straight THEN mom fights with dad and comes to pick up baby in the middle of nightThe child develop how a meaning of how interactions work If the baby does something people respond FacetoFace Exchanges 2 MonthsoDevelopmental Task To regulate mutual attention and responsiveness in face to face situationsWe see direct eyetoeye contact When a parent is looking directly at a child and child is returning the look towards the parents This suggests that the child has the ability to have mutual attention childs visual skills are getting better better acuityWe see the first social smiles At first a child would smile based on stimuli that triggered the child to smile A child is more likely to socially respond to a smile with a smile of its own where the features they see are in the right order ie an exaggerated smileInfant has cycles of attention and nonattentions like us students in class They cannot control these cycles but parents can control their own cycles of when they stimulate and not stimulate the child When the child is not paying attention parents should let go and wait patiently Gradually we see cycle synchronizing between an infant and parents When a parent is stimulating a child regardless if they are paying attention or not is problematic because it will just be meaningless background noise to the childWe start seeing the development of turn taking during vocal exchanges Topic Sharing 5 MonthsoDevelopmental Task to incorporate objects into social interactions and ensure joint attention and action to themInfant turns to manipulation of objects rather than solely parents This in turns allows the child to pay attention to only one thing at a time but not both at onceWe tend to see separate attention cycles given to parent vs the object What parents tend to do is encourage infantobjectadult situations Ex Parents
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