Class Notes (807,843)
Canada (492,871)
Psychology (4,091)
PSY313H5 (18)


6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Giampaolo Moraglia

Lecture One Adult Development and Aging: Basic Concepts January 8, 2013 Announcements: - Focus of the course- psychology causes over bio or social - Time management in the course is important - Tests & Exams o Test- 70% SA, 30% MC  Know the material well, precise knowledge o Exam- textbook chapters not on previous materials covered on the test  100 % MC On the meaning of ‘aging’ •‘Primary aging’ (or just ‘aging’) – normal, disease-free, age-related changes which occur throughout adulthood. This is the basic meaning of the term, and the key concern of this course. - Aging not a disease o Example, Nobel Peace Prize prof who just pasted away still active in research near death •‘Secondary aging’ – changes related to disease, lifestyle, and environmental factors that are not intrinsically part of aging per se. - Not related to aging per se o Lifestyle environments  Hearing in industrial environments vs rural  Ppl in rural places have much better hearing •‘Tertiary aging’ – rapidly occurring decline that occurs shortly before death The ‘ seven ages of life’ according to Shakespeare (From: ‘As you like it’ 1600) - Aging expections differs according to different historical periods Western Division of the human lifespan Currently, in the West, the human lifespan is subdivided into a number of periods, such as the following : •Infancy •Childhood •Adolescence •Adulthood - (emerging adulthood period is questionable period, us as uni students) - Young Adulthood (20-40 yrs) - Middle Adulthood (40-65 yrs) - Late Adulthood (65 yrs and older) The division of the lifespan into distinct periods •Is accomplished by using so-called ‘markers’, which can be - Biological o Easiest to measure puberity, ability to walk. Completion on physical growth 18-21 - Psychological o Mental & emotional levels development  Example, able to make long term plans & commit  Variable among culture  Subjective sense of decline  Wisdom, controversial - Sociological o Example, becoming a parent  HOWEVER, one can be one at age 40 or even never - Not 1 of 3 is significant to define an adult, needs to be a combination A key problem associated with the use of such markers •is that there are no universally valid, age-related markers that can clearly, meaningfully, and unambiguously demarcate the various periods of human life •Because of this, some critics contend that we would be better off avoiding the use of such markers altogether The great surge of interest into issues related to adulthood and aging - is importantly related to major demographic changes that have taken place worldwide, most notably among the more economically advantaged societies (wealthy G8 countries) - wealthy countries had an aging population The ‘Squaring’ of the Population Pyramid •Current major demographic changes are expected to progressively lead to populations whose age distribution morphs from a pyramidal (triangular)shape, with many young and few old people, to a square, with increasingly similar representation of the various age groups - progression begins with an equal amount of young ppl & old ppl Some key demographic terms •Birth rate – the number of live births for every 1,000 people within a specified period –In 2012 in Canada BR was 10.28 –Global birth rate: 19.5; US 13.8; Niger 50.5; Japan 7.3 •Fertility rate – the average number of children born to mothers 15-49 years old (NOTE: the specific period) within a specified period
More Less

Related notes for PSY313H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.