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Lecture 7

PSY213 Lecture 7.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Giampaolo Moraglia

PSY213 –Lecture7 Work – Work is the main setting in which people develop self-esteem, relationships, learn from experience, and highly influences development  Work has changed most dramatically in the past 100 years than at any time before o In pre-industrialized world, people worked in the family setting as a unit o Farming quickly losing its primacy as a source of income in the beginning of the industrialization period, brought on by dramatic growth of the manufacturing sector o By 1950 more than ½ of all male workers were involved in some manufacturing/factory work that was very labour intensive o Drastically reduced need for farming labour and assembly line workers as technology improved and progressed o Estimated that no more than 2% of labour force will be involved in agriculture and no more than 8% in manufacturing, the rest are in involved in providing services.  We are moving towards a society in which mostly 90% of the labour force will be working in the delivery of services  Issues related to career choice are fundamentally important for personal development  Career choice is a key concern of the psychology of work Choosing a career… (area of industrial psychology) – Research shows that at least 50% of people will have at least one major career change in their life – Some career changes forced upon workers as companies outsource, downsize, etc. – Outsourcing increasingly becoming more popular in jobs that require higher education levels creating a challenge for workers educated in their own country – In the 1900s the average working life was 21 years, in 2000 average working life has almost doubled to 40 years  Is a bit like choosing a spouse  Job selection is a two-way process (employer employee)  Influenced by o Family o Strong correlation between family socioeconomic situation and children’s vocational choice, educational level and success. o Adolescents who have close relations with their parents more likely to be influenced by their parents hopes and desires for them o Parents tend to hold values for themselves and their children that are consistent with their occupation. (e.g. parents working in the law values conformity to the law) o Family environment predictive of a child’s success within a certain occupation o Early work experience o Boys often paid more than girls and more likely to have formal employer- employee relational experience whereas girls more likely to have informal experience because they are hired by friends, and family. o College experiences o College grades found to be significant towards intellectual ability and commitment to work within their occupation o Psychology majors found to have best managerial work o Extracurricular’s positively correlated to leadership skills and success in the job Theorists of career choice and career development  Eli Ginzberg  John Holland  Donald Super Holland’s theory of vocational choice  Main claim: career selection is based on the best fit between an individual’s personal traits (personality, intelligence, skills and abilities) and the demands of a career. A good match be
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