Class Notes (834,991)
Canada (508,850)
Psychology (4,206)
PSY315H5 (43)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6

4 Pages
139 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY315H5
Professor
Craig Chambers
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 6 Development of Communicative Competence - no readings from Science Linguistic Competence + Communicative Competence - linguistic competence o Being able to understand/produce language - Communicative competence o Appropriate use of the language in communicative situations - Interdependent Piaget’s Egocentric Child - Egocentric o Language they use are about them o May appear as interactions, but they are collective monologues Communicative Competence - number of aspects - Conversational abilities Responding to questions - Respond to questions with actions - Child understands that something is expected from them - “Why” o Why requires abstract reasoning  Requires an explanation - “What” and “Where” o is more here and now - Child is more likely to respond with a full sentence with what they said - “You want what” o Child will answer with part of the previous utterance  The part that they want Initiating topics - Topics are primarily initiated towards adults - More likely to talk to an adult than a peer Sustaining dialogue - Important to keep on talking to some extent - Changes topic not related to question - Stop mimicking the previous utterance o Doesn’t present any new information - Answer to comment appropriately and also present some kind of new information - MLU – Mean Length Utterance o Average how long the phrases that a child can produce are - When children are interacting with peers at this age o Important that both children have some kind of shared knowledge of the activity they are in  Helps conversation to continue Pragmatic Abilities - Going beyond literal meaning o metaphor, verbal irony Metaphor in a narrative - 3-year olds chose the correct choice 3 times, and the incorrect choice 3 times – 50/50 - 4 year olds chose the correct choice more times o Able to comprehend the metaphor embedded in the story - Mean Justification Score Lecture 6 o Providing some kind of justification  Difference between age 4 and 5 is much bigger • Age 4 – cannot really verbalize why they chose the answer to the same extent as 5 year olds can Socio-communicative Abilities - Adapting to your conversational partner Politeness - Order of emergence for politeness dimensions: o “Please” first  Could be because parents stress that more than conditional/formal address o Intonation – lexical strategy o Conditional/formal address – syntactic strategies  Must have a good command of the syntactic Perspective-taking - Taking what the other person believes/thinks into context Can children distinguish ambiguous/unambiguous descriptions from the listener? - Child doesn’t know location: o 4 year olds: YES o 6 year olds: YES - Child knows location: o 4 year olds: NO o 6 year olds: YES Nilsen et al. 2008 - Response latencies o How long does it take for the child to evaluate whether the description is ambiguous or not - Child doesn’t know location: o 4 year olds: YES - Child knows location: o 4 year old: NO  Still failed  Took them longer to say ‘no’ - Depends on how you look at the child’s behaviour Nadig & Sedivy - 5 year old wearing eye tracker (tracks where you are looking as you comprehend language) - Shell contained two random objects and two glasses - One glass was visible to both child/experimenter - And another glad visible to only the child (experimenter couldn’t see the glass) - 5 year olds: o Look at the glass that’s visible to both the experimenter and the child  Able to suppress their own perspective, and look at the glass shared between the two Moll & Tomasello - Control condition o Experimenter comes back in the room and asks for the child to give them the toy o Child still understands that the experimenter is asking for the toy o “Give me a toy”  Signifies a choice Lecture 6 - Experimental condition o Confusion as to which toy they are asking for o Give me the toy  Specifies one o Experimenter cannot see the toy
More Less

Related notes for PSY315H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit