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Lecture 8

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Simone Walker

1Psy321Lecture 8March 21 2014Culture SexGenderCourse evaluations open from March 26April 9Lecture OutlineGender differences across culturesCulture SexSexualityDivision of labourCultureGender rolesCultureGender identityGender and culture are very intertwined conceptsA lot of research findings in the past came from studies that used male participants and conducted by male researchers so we cant generalize those findings Slowly the number of females increased in research and now its mostly half females and half malesNow it is possible to generalize the findings to everyone because both males and females are usedDefinitionsSex Biological dimension of being male or femaleThe physical characteristics and differences between men and womenSex rolesThe behaviours that men and women may engage in that are directly related to their biological differences and the process of reproductionSexual identityDegree of awareness and recognition of sex and sex roles an individual may haveGender Sociocultural dimension of being male or female so gender is a cultural construct Gender does not involve the physical or biological differences It involves what different cultures prescribe as appropriate behaviours for males and females Gender role Set of expectations that prescribe how females and males should think act and feel Gender role stereotypes Broad categories that reflect our impressions and beliefs about females and malesGender identitydegree to which a person has awareness or recognition that he or she adopt a particular gender roleCultural differences in gender differencesCultureGender Differences RelatednessSome researchers concluded that the features of interdependent identities seem more characteristic of women Men seem to be more independent and women seemed to be more interdependent Is that really the case Is there any empirical support Kashima et al conducted a study to answer theseAnd that the features of independent identities seem more characteristic of menKashima et al 1995
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