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Lecture 3

PSy325 Lecture 3.docx

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Erika Carlson

PSy325 Lecture 3: Information Processing January 23, 2014 Social Anxiety - Deep feeling that everyone is judging and evaluating you - Group study: rated in the group (assume that everyone hates them but other people don’t see them as that). - People with social anxiety shown a neutral face will go with the negative and say that the person looks angry/etc. - Getting yelled at my an experimenter (stress test): 3m in front of peer, give speech about all the things you love about your body o Experimenter stops them and asks questions like “I don’t understand what you’re saying” in a disgruntled way o Their reporting a lot more anxiety than normal people o Researchers measure their biological reactions o Findings: heart rate and bp  People with social anxiety and normal people are responding in the same way to the speech  They have the same biological reactions as others but their interpreting their environment in a more hostile way  They expect the worst, see the worst and interpret their signals as being more intense than others - Decision making: pro/con list o Blink (Malcolm Gladwell), how our gut feelings are almost always correct o Thinking fast and slow – Daniel Kahneman Dual Process Theory - Idea that various phenomenon can happen in two different ways, your behaviour can be caused by two different processes - System 1: implicit (gut reaction), unconscious reasoning, low effort, fast, associative (drawing fast correlations in head) - System 2: explicit, conscious reasoning (problem solving), high effort, slower, logical - System 2: self-report (“I am someone who likes having fun with others”) - System 1: implicit association task o Measure implicit attitudes: are you prejudiced toward African Americans? Measuring how strongly people associate positive and negative aspects to people  Take longer associating positive o Implicit self-concept of personality o Implicit self-esteem: how do you really feel about yourself  How quickly you are tying positive words to yourself Implicit vs Explicit - Self-reported personality o Implicit predicts nonverbal anxiety o Explicit predicts self-reported anxiety o Behavioral coding: what they actually did o People who were coding the behaviour noticed a lot of anxious behaviour that wasn’t in explicit self-report but was in implicit o There’s something going on in the implicit level that we don’t have access to when we fill out an explicit - Implicit self-esteem o Positive words with themselves o Higher task persistence after failure (buffering function) o Narcissism! Linked with explicit and implicit self-esteem - People who are more quick to associate positive words with themselves scored higher in narcissism - People who had high explicit self-esteem and low implicit self-esteem (they tell you that they like themselves but internally they don’t, deep down inside they don’t like themselves) scored higher on narcissism o One of the mechanisms that drives narcissism Memory - Procedural: knowing how to do things (Drive, typing, riding a bike, etc.) - Declarative: knowing that - Semantic: general knowledge - Episodic: personal recollections, autobiographical Amnesia and implications for the self - Different types of amnesia (keeping new memories, remembering old memories, etc.) - Tulving and K.C.: anterograde and retrograde amnesia o No episodic memory o Self and mother agree on personality o He has no memory of who he was 2 minutes ago but his report is correlating with his mother’s report o Maybe it’s something like semantic knowledge - Klein and W.J.: temporary retrograde amnesia: unable to recall herself as a college student o Asked to describe herself as a college student o She recovered her memory, temporary o Her reports of when she had amnesia and when she didn’t correlated o Concept of what you’re like is semantic knowledge, not biographical! - Encode, store, retrieve Self-Reference Effect - Is a tendency for people to encode info
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