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Lecture

Psy340 Introduction. Lecture 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY340H5
Professor
Judith Andersen
Semester
Fall

Description
Psy340 Sept. 10 th  What do we mean by abnormality?  Elements of abnormality suffering, maladaptivness, deviancy, violation of standards of society, social discomfort, irrationality and unpredictability, dangerousness  No one element is sufficient to define or determine abnormality  Definition of deviant changes as society changes  Why do we need to classify mental disorders?  For treatment and consistency in them  Allows for information structuring  Disadvantages of classification  If you are not showing some symptoms, diagnosis becomes limited  Loss of individual information  Stigma and stereotypes with diagnosis  Self-concept impact  How does culture affect what is considered abnormal  Certain forms of psychopathology differ in cultures  How common are mental disorders?  46% for an actual DSM diagnosis  Prevalence and incidence  Epidemiologystudy of distribution of diseases, disorders or health-related behaviors in a given population  Number of active cases in a population during any given time prevalence  Incidence is the number of new cases  Anxiety most prevalent followed by mood disorders  Most common individual disorde3rs are MDD, alcohol abuse, phobias and conduct disorder  Comorbidity multiple disorders in the same person,…high…especially when a person has one serious disorder  Treatment…not all receive it  Causes and isk factors for abnormal behavior  Necessary, sufficient, and contributory causes ex..this person got heart disease bc of a certain situations…sufficient cause is if X occurs then Y will also  Distal causal factors long time ago…ex in childhood something happened  Proximal (immediate) causal factors…ex. Had too much caffeine and now you are having a panic attack.  bidirectionality in abnormal behavior  sometimes other causes so can’t be causal  Diathesis-stress models  Diathesis stress…combination of diathesis (risk) and stress to cause disorder  Resilience: ability to successfully adapt to very difficult circumstances..everyone has different risks  Protective factors: influences that modify that person’s response  Positive psychology  How do you reset and de-stress?
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