Class Notes (835,727)
Canada (509,353)
Psychology (4,206)
PSY340H5 (154)

Psy340 Introduction. Lecture 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Judith Andersen

Psy340 Sept. 10 th  What do we mean by abnormality?  Elements of abnormality suffering, maladaptivness, deviancy, violation of standards of society, social discomfort, irrationality and unpredictability, dangerousness  No one element is sufficient to define or determine abnormality  Definition of deviant changes as society changes  Why do we need to classify mental disorders?  For treatment and consistency in them  Allows for information structuring  Disadvantages of classification  If you are not showing some symptoms, diagnosis becomes limited  Loss of individual information  Stigma and stereotypes with diagnosis  Self-concept impact  How does culture affect what is considered abnormal  Certain forms of psychopathology differ in cultures  How common are mental disorders?  46% for an actual DSM diagnosis  Prevalence and incidence  Epidemiologystudy of distribution of diseases, disorders or health-related behaviors in a given population  Number of active cases in a population during any given time prevalence  Incidence is the number of new cases  Anxiety most prevalent followed by mood disorders  Most common individual disorde3rs are MDD, alcohol abuse, phobias and conduct disorder  Comorbidity multiple disorders in the same person,…high…especially when a person has one serious disorder  Treatment…not all receive it  Causes and isk factors for abnormal behavior  Necessary, sufficient, and contributory causes ex..this person got heart disease bc of a certain situations…sufficient cause is if X occurs then Y will also  Distal causal factors long time ago…ex in childhood something happened  Proximal (immediate) causal factors…ex. Had too much caffeine and now you are having a panic attack.  bidirectionality in abnormal behavior  sometimes other causes so can’t be causal  Diathesis-stress models  Diathesis stress…combination of diathesis (risk) and stress to cause disorder  Resilience: ability to successfully adapt to very difficult circumstances..everyone has different risks  Protective factors: influences that modify that person’s response  Positive psychology  How do you reset and de-stress?
More Less

Related notes for PSY340H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.