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Dax Urbszat (102)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Psychopathy

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Dax Urbszat

PSY344Forensic PsychologyLecture 2TRAITSTrait Consistent patterns of thoughts feelings or actions that distinguish peopleASSUMPTION 1 traits are stable over timeoWe can see traits beginning out through infancy and then continue through adult They dont have to be apparent all the time we can always alter our personality depending on different situationsASSUMPTION 2 traits are stable across situationsoIf you are an outgoing person you will show that in varying ways depending on situations But most of the time some traits are semistable over time and across different situationsPeople differ on continuous variables or dimensionsoThe idea of trait theory is that we all have the same traits What makes us different is how much of each of this trait do we have the amount or how high or low we have of this trait that differentiate us oIt is the amount of these traits that make us unique as theoretically no two people have the same amounts Traits exist on a continuumoYoung said that there is a trait of introversion high amounts of this mean an individual is outgoing and extroversion When we look at traits that are either extremely low or high outliers there is a personality disorder that we may associate with thisoPeople with high amounts of extroversion may suffer from dependent personality disorder and that social interactions are very important to them But they lack the ability to establish oneonone intimacy and be aloneoPeople with low of extroversion may suffer from avoidantpersonality disorder which is similar to Axis 1 Anxiety DisorderBasic differences between people are quantitativeoWe all have the same traits it is just how much of a trait we haveTraits are used to understand and predict behaviouroWe can make predictions of how one would likely behaviour in certain situationsEmphasizes measurement of traits through testsProblems with the Typology ApproachThe assumption that people fall into discontinuous categories is problematic gray areas between categories where assignment is arbitrary Imagine trying to categorize someone according to Sheldons somatyping system People dont easily fit into a distinct categoryPeople may resemble some aspects of multiple category and some aspects of anotherGenerally type theories have fallen by the wayside in personality psychology Today theorists are much more likely to think of people in terms of continuous trait dimensions than in terms of typeTrait ApproachAssumes that people differ on continuous variables or dimensions People differ from each other in the amounts of the various characteristics they have in their personality
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