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Lecture 5

Psy345-Lecture 5.docx

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Stuart Kamenetsky

Lecture 5-Communication Disorders Feb 6, 2013  Communication-complex activities, require lots and lots of learning, significant cultural differences, take for complete granted unless there is a problem Communication  Interchange of ideas, opinions, or facts between people  Have receivers and senders  Communication is a very important tool Speech and Language  Part of communication. Speech used to communicate, language what we communicate  Some components of communication involve language but not speech ex: body language, American sign language, gesturing, reading and writing  Speech is ones means of expressing language but not the only one  Language represents the message that is contained in speech The Structure of Language  Phonology-the system of speech sounds  Syntax-involves the rules governing sentence structure  Morphology-concerned with the form and internal structure of words ex: cold-colder, -ed, -ing  Semantics-the understanding of language  Pragmatics-concerned with the use of language in social contexts Language Development  Is complex  Progress through several stages in developing language  Reading and writing (4, 5, 6)-secondary ability-has to be taught  Speak-primary ability-child will get it if exposed to it Groups of Communication Disorders  1. Language Disorders  2. Speech Disorders  3. Articulation Disorders  4. Voice Disorders 1. Language Disorders  Occur when there is a serious disruption of the language process, including memory, learning, message reception and processing and expressive skills  Language delays-the sequence of development is intack but the rate is interrupted ex: child could be acquiring language but can’t speak between the normal age  Language disorders-the sequence of language acquisition is interrupted  Classification: -Receptive language disorders: difficulty in comprehending what other people say, difficulty in receiving the message, difficulty in understanding the speech -Expressive language disorder: difficulty in formulating and using language ex: difficulty coming up with the right word we want to use -Aphasia: impairment of language comprehension, result of brain injury  Causation: -Defective or deficient sensory systems-ears that don’t work well or eyes that don’t work well -Neurological damage -Deficient or disrupted learning opportunities  Intervention: -children: addresses initial acquisition or learning of language -adults: involves relearning or re acquiring language function -individuals with severe physical or cognitive disabilities-may involve alternative or augmentative communication 2. Speech Disorders  Speech that is sufficiently deviant from normal or accepted speaking patterns that it attracts attention and adversely effects communication for the speaker and/or listener  Considerable diversity of the theoretical perspective  Fluency disorders: repeated interruptions that are above and beyond the expected (the the) number of interruptions that one might have, repeated repetitions that seriously interrupt the flow of communication -Cluttering: speech that
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