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PSY 345 Lecture 1 September 11- introduction.docx

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Stuart Kamenetsky

PSY 345 Lecture 1 September 11, 2013  What does exceptionality mean?  Term exceptionality means that what we are looking at is an exception from the general rule  Use the bell curve to determine exceptionality  Most of us are all average (within the normal range)  Ppl in the exceptional range are different from the average  95% of pop are in the 75 range  Either exceptionally high or low  History of social change  First stage we see is social isolation ..this child had no part in society whatsoever..--> how?--> (murder, confinement outside society)  Leper colony of spinalonga (crete- Greece)…one of the last active leper colonies in Europe (1903-1957)  In general..anybody who was exceptional had no place in society  Humanitarian and legal reforms in the 18 century  Movements towards democracy  Church lost control of forceful conversions to Christianity  Can’t continue to isolate/murder them  People with disabilities are much ,more visible now than before  Once industrial revolution can around, you had to be more and more sophisticated  Gradually saw some legal reforms for exceptional people  Institutionalization  Once you enact a law, the state is required to enforce the law  Idea was to help them even though they aren’t like the rest of us  But there is no place for these type of people in society so we should have them separated (although there were good intentions behind this)  Now states are taking responsibility…providing institutions  Orillia asylum for idiots first opened in 1877; renamed Huronia Regional Centre in 1974  There was a lot of abuse in institutions…most people are good, honest, but in a closed private setting abuse is likely to occur  Power hierarchy in these places  Some institutions have close/changed  Social inclusion (1960s civil rights movement)  This movement primarily in the US…about race, and segregation education  Segregation mainly took place in southern states….wasn’t going to be tolerated anymore by civil rights libertarians  Also at aiming segregation at women…feminist movement created  Legislation  Enacting clear laws to guarantee rights for these ppl  If you discriminate a person with a disability, the law will protect them  Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms  Guarantees that all Canadians (with citizenship) equality under the law, liberty, freedom of religion, expression, association and peaceful assembly among other things…it is the supreme law of the land. This means that it, normally, takes precedence over any federal or provincial law. If any legislation conflicts with the rights in this, it must be amended appropriately or it is likely to be struck down by the courts  The Ontario human rights code  Guaranteed equal rights and opportunities without discrimination in specific areas such as jobs, housing and services  The code’s goal is to prevent discrimination and harassment resulting from race, sex, disability and age  All Ontario laws must agree with the code  Before 1962, various laws dealt with discrimination  In June 2008 , major changes designed to renew Ontario’s human rights system came into effect  Accessibility for all Ontarians  The accessibility for Ontarians with disabilities act, 2005 (AODA) became law on June 13 205. Under this landmark legislation, the gov’t of Ontario will develop mandatory accessibility standards that will identify, remove and prevent barriers for people with disabilities in key areas of daily living. The standards will apply to private and public sector organizations across Ontario 
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