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Lecture 4

PSY345 Lecture 4.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Stuart Kamenetsky

PSY345 Lecture 4 Employment - With no support services (on own) o Just like anybody else – ex. It would be problematic to the employer if you have a hearing disability and you do not inform this to them - With time-limited training and support (on site support worker, often enticement for employer) o Support worker paid by social service agency – shows up with the person with the disability to the employer o Has the potential to work very well as long as it is done properly o The hiring authority has to be committed o Government needed to provide social worker as long as needed or the tax benefit provided to the employer o Support worker needed to train and teach the person with the disability how to get the work done – cannot end up doing all the work - With ongoing support (sheltered workshops) o Small factories where agencies provide the work/ location, pay the bills and the only people that work there are people with disabilities o Can work there as long as they do not have intellectual disabilities o Sheltered – protected – adult daycare type of centre o Menial labour – sorting envelopes and so on o Can interact with other people their age o Difficulty – segregated environment – ex. Community living Mississauga closed down sheltered workshops because of segregation o Private - parents can open up business that specialize in people with developmental delays o Community Living has opened “adult daycare” but not focused on employment o Employment – unrealistic goal for people with disabilities – there are people who cannot be rehabilitated through employment Philosophy of Service delivery Associations for Community Living - Adults with disabilities must be part of society o Everyone has the right to have what the society has to offer o Included society - Society must change in order to accommodate and accept people with disabilities o Remove barriers - No segregated services (employment or social) should be made available - Groups of people and disabilities should not form and “hang out” in public Parent Groups - Agree with concepts but feel they are not realistic as inclusive opportunities rarely exist - Parents are often “stuck” looking after child - Parents are interested in using some of support to create social/employment programs o Parents believe in the organizations but do not want to pay the price themselves – want a solution now – not wait for an ideal - Parents are interested in providing a happy and productive life for their adult children “People First”: Advocacy for Self Determination and Empowerment - In a development delay – other people in your life might be making decisions for you - Right to choose and influence decisions made o Should be counted when life decisions are made - Teaching rights and self-advocacy o people with disabilities - Usually organizations are assisted by volunteers without disabilities who have no right to vote o The system will encourage and allow the adults to make decisions and will not make decisions for them – will help them Multiculturalism and Diversity Immunization Shortfall - Poverty is a major issue - Minority groups have a lower chance of being immunized than Caucasian - Statistics much worse in the States than in Canada - Higher rates of diseases and such in the third world countries Unemployment Rates by race and ethnicity - People are discriminated for being a visible minority, woman and a disability – lowest chance of being employed - Disabled – healthcare Percentage of Children less than 18 years old who live in families with incomes below the poverty level Percent of persons, 25 years old and over, completing four or more years of College - Caucasians have the best percentage of completing post secondary education - Have a better chance of getting employment – good job that gives you benefits and services Percentage by Ethnicity of Percentage of Twelfth grade students Minority students served in gifted education programs - 41 out of 100 are Asian – over represented – not necessarily smarter Multiculturalism and Diversity - A relatively large proportion of people who access special education and services are from minority groups o Racial minority groups – often because race and socio-economic level is correlated o Ethnically diverse groups o Refugees with little education and resources o Inner cities with high rate of crime, abuse and poverty - Population growth in s
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