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PSY345 Lecture 1.docx

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Stuart Kamenetsky

PSY345 Lecture 1 Exceptionality – Disability and Giftedness “Exceptional” – better than normal – they stand out since there are a very few of them (people in a pyramid with very few exceptional at the top) Most people are closer to the average and the father you go either way it gets narrower A person with an IQ of 145 is referred to as exceptional but not as “not normal” Disability – lack of an ability or people who have problems doing everyday things - Talking about the lower end in all areas History of Social Change Social Isolation - people with disabilities were isolated - People with disabilities were murdered at infancy because of fear, supernatural powers (thought that kids with disabilities were kids of Satan), community thought the family was punished and in turn shunned the family with the kid ex. In Nazi regime they killed many people with disabilities, race, gender etc. - Thrown out of the society (saying they do not belong with everyone else) why? o Ex. Leper Colonies – Greece – people with disabilities lived in caves outside of the society and community and the family would lower the food into the caves – people feared that lepracy would spread through the whole community and they were right because lepracy is a contagious disease - Ex-communicating someone with Down Syndrome – genetic disorder Humanitarian and legal reforms – 18 century – economic development - Middle ages – agricultural – grew their own produce – people with disabilities might have fit in more - Industrial – everything on a broader scale o Working conditions were not good – no rights, child labour – people who don’t work got left behind ex. People who live on the streets today mainly have mental health problems o Connotation was that if you had a disability you begged 18 century – enlightenment – disadvantaged groups were becoming emancipate – more integrated – able to vote and have other rights that other citizens had Societies started to take responsibility in looking after them Institutionalization – as cities became bigger the problem with people having disabilities was beyond what humanitarians could cope with – govt didn’t feel people with disabilities belong with societies so created asylums for them - Orillia asylum for idiots – opened in 1877 – remote place to reach – kids were sent away to institutions and back only for Christmas and summer vacation - Visual impairments – Brantford – for blind kids – west from here - Deaf kids – institutionalized east from here - Understanding was that there was no room for these people in the society govt felt that they needed to protect people with disabilities from the society - Different from social isolation because it was viewed in a way that these individuals needed protection - Combination of social isolation and humanitarian beliefs – Ontario govt paid for these - An effort to provide few options for people with disabilities - Now they are not institutions anymore but are converted to schools – spend weekdays at school and weekends at home- 100000 per child per year – to transport them across Ontario - Institutions – cons – not enough care, disability became their identity, not socially included, sexual, physical and mental abuse as victims - Quadriplegia – paralyzed from the neck down – abusers tend to be people that the people with disabilities know – might be relatives or friends who take care of them Social Inclusion – 1960s civil rights movement - Ex. Who are you to send my child away to an institute and why is he/she not have the rights any other child does? What basis? - More about Race and gender than disability – females did not have the same rights and during the war they took up many “man” jobs and performed equally as well - Disability rights movement took a back seat to these bigger issues - Louisville – Kentucky – person waited in a wheelchair to get into the bus – made big news in America Legislation - Everything that was fought for in the civil rights movement is gradually becoming law - They wouldn’t have to fight anymore for equal rights - Most third world countries are still not at this stage yet – might be at the inclusion stage - Canadian charter of rights and freedoms o 1982 – people that are included are all Canadians – no discrimination – includes tourist, landed immigrants and so on o No authority could strike any law that jeopardizes this act o This law takes precedence over any federal or provincial law o Flaw in accordance with people with disability – ex. Person in a wheelchair applies for a job and doesn’t get it even though most qualified b/c the employer argues that the building is a rent and that there is no elevator o Declaration of values – makes it very difficult to litigate because it is not specific enough o Not a pract
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