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Lecture 3

PSY345H5 Lecture 3: Early Childhood, Secondary School and Adult Life

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Stuart Kamenetsky

PSY345 Exceptionality Disabilities and GiftednessLecture 3 Early Childhood Secondary School and Adult Life Sept 24 2014The Early Childhood YearsThe Early Childhood YearsFirst years of life are crucial to the overall development of children oWhether these are critical periods in secure attachment language development there may be irreversible and long consequences later on oNeuroplasticitythe brain is much more amenable to change when we are young and the older we get it is hard to change This is why learning takes place very quickly in children oAgefrom birth until school agearound 56 Early stimulation can affect the development of language intelligence personality and selfworthEarly intervention can reduce the overall impact of disabilities as well as counteract the negative effects of delayed intervention oA child who is developed as normal can still grow up without development and this may because of parents abusiveoChildren who are born with disabilities will need more than a normal child as hisher ability to learn and develop may be diminished due to the disabilities heshe is born with oThe key priority is the child In a modern state funds are not limited so we have to spend money on issues smartly and appropriately Early intervention may in the long run be less costly and more effective than providing services later in life oMany have argued that the medical model in general is consistent with the notion that we wait until people are sick to treat them oHowever others are advocates to treating those as early as possible as it will be more effective later on in that individuals life What Services are AvailableNetwork of Infant Development ProgramsoThey could belong to regions cities and areas They tend not be provincial they are more of the lower level of government Purpose to server infants who are at risk for developmental delay and their familiesoIncluding children who are late walking late forming emotional attributes with their parents children with comprehension of language that is late oServe children up to the age of 6 Goals1To optimize the childs functioning levelWe do not know the childs potential therefore enable them to meet their potential by optimizing the childWhy are we not seeking a cure Because there is no cure Ex Down syndrome likelihood that the child will never achieve an education over grade 2 or 3 Ex Autism usually identified by age 23 where the child fails to create a secure attachment with their parents The goal is to rather than to cure it is optimize the childs function level whatever that may be 2To help parents within information and support When a child receives a diagnosis ie Down syndrome the parents grieve and need a lot of help and support and this is what the agencies provide
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