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Gabrielle Sauter

Lecture#20 Personality (Part VIII) Ÿ Humanism is a much more brighter and optimistic view of personality, Carl Rogers (client-centered therapy) and Abraham Maslow (self-actualizer) Ÿ Humanism emerges in the year following of the second war, in part a response to psychoanalysis and behaviourism, is a far more optimistic view of people and what we are capable of as a species Ÿ In contrast to psychoanalysis’s, humanists give us far more credit in our day-to-day behaviour, and decisions we make Ÿ We are acknowledged for the capacity for rationality, conscience intention, we can be purposeful and goal oriented, whe know what is going on inside of us, we are creative (not simply redirection of sublimation of sexual urges, like how freud thought), capable of having profound insight of ourselves and the world around us Ÿ There are two main figures in the humanistic movement, the first is Carl Rogers, who is practised in psychotherapist, and psychologist, and with interactions with his clienteles, he came into a humanistic view and their capacity of change, relatively simple view of underlying motivations, in some sense he is a motivational theorist, and all behaviour can be traced to singly motive, to self actualize, maintain and enhance oneself (fulfill your potential) Ÿ Inside you there is a true self, that is a potential that is meant to be realized and that you are meant to become (like a caterpillar is intended to become a butterfly) Ÿ Humanists believe that we have intuitions about our choices, when we arrive at conflicts, we have gut feelings about which is the right thing to choose, and when we listen to those intuitions we take steps to take us through the path, the little voice=the organismic value process (fundamental capacity to see the growth development of an event, you know in your gut if it is good or bad, and you choose to listen to it or ignore it) Ÿ Listening to the inner voice, guiding intuition about what is right, sets you on the path to realize all the potential you have inside you=a fully functioning person, who lets OVP guide us to make all the right choices and go through all the right experiences Ÿ As fully functioning people, we all have certain traits and characteristics that are commonàopenness to experience, capacity of existential living (live the moment) and self trust (listening to their OVP, they rely on it), they have everything together, don’t need to be defensive or distort perceptions of themselves or reality, very clear, and capable of paying attention to their thoughts and feelings Ÿ There are certain development needs and experiences for achieving this fully functionality Ÿ The primary need is called positive regard, key need that everyone needs, the need to be accepted, valued and seen positively by others, and in particular by significant others Ÿ Rogers postulates the need for positive regard and speculates that most of us do not get in in life, most people are deprived of this need Ÿ More often or not there are conditions attached to our worth, our parents and those around us have expectations and their regard, praise and congratulations and acceptance are dependant on how we act, they set conditions, e.g. proud when we get good grades, disappointed when we get bad grades Ÿ We get conditions of worth, if we act this way, you will be accepted, if your not this type of person, we will love you, etc. Ÿ We learn that our positive regard is conditional, acceptance and praise is conditional based on our behaviour, and we learn to hide or repress those attributes about yourself that receives criticism or rejection Ÿ Those who learned to hide certain attributes of who they are usually lead to pathology, they are not able to realize and actualize all the parts they are, some parts are not accepted, so t
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