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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 (Ch.17 - Sexually Transmitted Diseases).docx

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Ayesha Khan

NOTE: DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENTS, THE SLIDES HAD BEEN TAKEN OUT BY OWNER. Lecture 11 (Ch.17: Sexually Transmitted Diseases) SLIDE 1 - Stigma associated with STDs - Very little sympathy for people with STDs - Syphilis in the early 18 and 19 hundreds, men weren’t allowed in hospital because it was like a moral disease; must have been brought upon themselves SLIDE 2 - Facial disfiguration - Because of some “horrendous” activity, this is the consequence - AIDs became huge in the 80s SLIDE 3 - Were seen as punishment for sexual behavior; even today - Ex. AIDs - People brought into question SLIDE 4 - Majority of individuals acquire STDs by 25 - Younger population; need education on prevention - US has highest incidence for curable AIDs - Exposure to insects, bacterial, viral categories - Description of how to understand each: description; source (insect, protozone, virus), what happen as consequence, how to manage it (antibiotic, insecticide) - Go through visuals for recognition - Visual from lecture and identify the characteristics: what is it, what type, what’s the consequence and how to treat it (FOR EXAM); not labelling, but recognition SLIDE 5 - Insects are more annoying than dangerous - Pubic lice or crabs - Maintenance is human blood - Get pill or topical treatment like insecticide - itching; excessive damage from scratching SLIDE 6 - PUBIC LICE SLIDE 7 - Caused by mites; can be transmitted sexually or non sexually - Topical treatment and insecticide - Left for several hours or night and wash out SLIDE 8 - The mites are not usually seen because they spend most of the time in tunnels (under top most skin layers) - See the reddish tracts and spots so you see movements of these mites - Scratching that occurs because the area is itchy and that can cause harm to skin and lesions SLIDE 9 - Protozone ? - Best suited for inside the body - If it’s outside, survival is poorly but it can be transmitted non sexually - In vaginal canal and male urethra - In women, frothy vaginal discharge, itching, redness and lesions that occur in an area and this leads to other infections that can occur; apparent in women but not so obvious in males - A single dose can cure disease SLIDE 10 - TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS SLIDE 11 - Bacterial - Particular visual characteristic: corkscrew shaped NOTE: DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENTS, THE SLIDES HAD BEEN TAKEN OUT BY OWNER. - Spread by direct contact - Can go through stages - If left unchecked, the bacterial will go on forward - Primary: canker starts to exist - Secondary: flu like symptoms, rashes - Tertiary: most dangerous; this bacterial can go into cardiovascular and attack nervous, and skeletal system which can lead to death SLIDE 12 - BACTERIUM THAT CAUSES SYPHILLIS SLIDE 13 - Painless rashes in secondary stage SLIDE 14 - Secondary syphilitic rash that can occur anywhere on the body not just the sexual area - Also fever, flu, lethargy SLIDE 15 - Caused by bacteria - In women: seen in the cervix and sensitive to the development of cancer so have to check that area - In men, site of infection in urethra and pus comes out; bacterial infested the system SLIDE 16 - Affects the cervix - Most common of infectious disease in women - Dangerous because it can lead to infertility and sterility - Viral infection is dangerous because it can’t really be managed SLIDE 17 - Changes in the discharge because it’s coming from cervix - Takes cell from the cervix - Pap smear - Internal environment of the male and female by swabbing to give indicators if cells are normal or not - Using urine sample to detect chlamydia - It’s cured by antibiotics - Look at one type of antibiotics in the textbook and make sure you know it SLIDE 18 - Might be lump with STDs or might not - Can occur by something else; two examples that don’t have to occur because of sexual transmission - Bacterial vaginosis: vaginal douching to try to decrease fungal and microorganisms; “cleaning”; but they’re actually healthy for the vagina; consequence is increasing them - Looking at hygiene; if no proper cleanliness in male, then can lead to bacterial vaginosis - Uretritis: SLIDE 19 - Person can have the virus but it doesn’t mean they have AIDs - It differs in severity - Person can be - OR they can have the AIDs status, doesn’t mean everyone expresses it the same way SLIDE 20 - POX VIRUS - Bumps on the skin - Transmitted by skin to skin contact - Infected clothing, towel, non sexual transmission - Sexual transmission is possible - You wait it out - Doctors tell you how to manage it; anti itch medications - HERPES NOTE: DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENTS, THE SLIDES HAD BEEN TAKEN OUT BY OWNER. - Can express itself and then not express itself - HSV-1: causes oral herpes; fever, blisters, cold sores; can appear or disappear depending on the internal/external environment - HSV-2: genital herpes; like sores on the body - Management: contain it by using topical ointments so it doesn’t spread; medical treatments to
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