Class Notes (809,509)
Canada (493,754)
Psychology (4,098)
PSY362H5 (19)

PSY362 - Lecture 2.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Peter Morrow

Lecture 2 - Used to be called comparative psychology: comparing humans and animals. - We do not know what animals are thinking; whether they have emotions or morals. - Self-assessment is one way of knowing o Animals cannot self-assess - How can I determine if you’re happy? o Facial expression & self-report (most common) o What do we look as facial expression for happiness?  A smile. This is cross-culturally - However, facial expressions are not always reliable. - 3 way of measuring happiness o Physiological arousal, Emotions o For example: sarcastic tone  People who have Asperger’s syndrome cannot detect sarcasm. - How do you determine a dog is happy? o Jumps up and down, wags tail - Attributing a subjective human trait to a dog: ANTHROPOMORPHISM - Changing the animal’s behavior to a human concept. - As a human, your dog looks happy – at least this is what it looks like to us. Evolutionary perspective - Mind vs. brain dilemma. Clearly, our species have brains. - Brains have evolved from less complex to more complex in response to the organism’s changing environment. - Darwin proposes that survival of the fittest – not strongest – MISINTERPRETATION - Fittest: ability to pass genes to next generation o Produce viable offspring and most adaptive. o Fit = adaptation Cognition - Example: leave one in the desert and find your way home. - We would probably not be able to do that. But pigeons can. - All species have brains, evolved from simple to complex. - Does brain size and complexity reflect cognitive ability (intelligence)? - Carrier pigeon have a pretty small brain size. - But in the desert, they have adapted that niche and that’s what they’ve evolved to do. - One can argue that the minds of certain species are move evolved than others. - Thorndike: operant conditioning o We can change the way animals think by manipulating their environment. o Used cats in boxes. th - End of thth19 century: beginning of the thought: Do animals have minds? - Early 20 century: biological theories suggesting that the mind and brain look to be the
More Less

Related notes for PSY362H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.