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1 year worth of lecture notes for RLG202 - Metso

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Sarianna Metso

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Judaism - RLG202 NRSV translation is a good bible The Story of the beginnings the first four books: it is Mesopotamian traditions super powers: Assyria, Egypt, Babylon Israel Judah is squished and trampled on because they are in the middle of them three M any of the people migrating to the area settled on the plain lying between the tigris and Euphrates rivers known as Mesopotamia It is fertile here because there are rivers So there is a lot of civilization here The Story of Abraham As an example of Ancient Cultural Exchange Abram The Father (or God) is exalted Abraham = The Father of Many Nations Am - ? Abrahams characteristics Righteous man, with wholehearted commitment to God A an of peace; compassionate and hospitable A quick-acting warrior An unscrupulous liar to save his own skin Afraid of being killed, so he said sarah, his wife, is his sister A man of great spiritual depth and strength A person with common human weakness and needs Abraham in post biblical Judaism Temple Judaism to scripture Judaism Jewesh piety They are in diaspora Circumcision is to create an identity and cohesion Emphasis on Abrahams testing by God and his endurance Abraham in Christianity they accepted the Abraham traditions and the old testament Father of the Faithful The emphasis is not so much in Law but Faith, faith in Jesus Christ The chosen one Romans 4:13 Jewish community said it was about the Law but not on faith, in thi: paul emphasized on faith Galatians 3:6-9 Abraham in Islam The First of the Prophets He was the fist to convert to the true God and to preach against idolatry of his people He is regarded as the first Muslim for he practiced islam absolute obedience to God when he was tested by command to sacrifice his son. Abraham, with his son Ishmael,the father of Arabs, was responsible for founding of the Kabah in Mecca the first sanctuary of God You tube video: I Gotta Love You Rosh Hashanah Rosh Hashanah Jewish newyear Symbols Shofar Lambs/Rams Horn Honey and Apples Tashley Cast away of sin, throw bread in water with live fish Moses statue Book of life Significance It is for repentance Contemplate in the past deeds of the year Word meaning Head of the year Rosh Head Ha- the Shana year Fall on Tishray, 7 month of Hebrew Calendar Month of tishray is the month believed god created world It is the birhtday of the world Teshuva when they think about their past deeds Jews are encouraged to say sorry to enemies It is for peace A time of life and death Mashord Its own prayer book Famous prayer about life and death Lshanah tovah greeting for new year L/Shanah/Tovah Blowing of Shofar Has to do it 100 times A reminder to repent Tashlich Bread throwing Aplpes and honey Sweet honey = sweet new year Has prayers before and after May God give them sweet life Round bread Continuation of life Pomegrenate Eating one a night before It contains 613 seeds there are 613 laws in the torah Symbolic hope the good things will come as many seeds there are September 21, 2010 Lecture 3 Loss And Hope: The United Kingdom, Division and Destruction, and Rebuilding of the Temple we will discuss Israel exile we have discussed already the Jewish traditions it can be passed on through oral traditions, so these can be interpreted Historical Overview 1000-922 BCE Judea and Israel in one kingdom And divided into three Jeroboam, Assyria, Babylon Northern kingdom went to south and took their traditions 587 Babylonian kingdom became strong 721 587 BCE Judah was the only nation standing 587-539 BCE Historical Framework United Kingdom 100-922 BCE (saul, David, Solomon) 587-539 Exile in Babylon Exile when much of population of Judah was deported to captivity in Babylon Jew was from word Judah. Only after Babylonian exile that you can call people Jew South is where the original worship place is North is where the exile was so there was no temple there and they just made their own cultures Relative isolation between North and South Exile: A Time of Crisis In time of crisis there is a profound transformation It was a time of deep introspection in which the nation asked if we ahvekept our covenant agreement with the Babylonian God Exile: transformation Loss of temple and land caused shifts of emphasis in the religion of the exilic community More focus on circumcision and Sabbath This is where oral traditions of writing Jewish life happened
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