RLG202H5 Lecture Notes - Babylonian Captivity, Prayer Book, Tashlikh

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4 Oct 2011
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Judaism - RLG202
NRSV translation is a good bible
The Story of the beginnings
the first four books: it is Mesopotamian traditions
super powers: Assyria, Egypt, Babylon
Israel Judah is squished and trampled on because they are
in the middle of them three
M any of the people migrating to the area settled on the plain
lying between the tigris and Euphrates rivers known as
Mesopotamia
It is fertile here because there are rivers
So there is a lot of civilization here
The Story of Abraham
As an example of Ancient Cultural Exchange
Abram – The Father (or God) is exalted
Abraham = The Father of Many Nations
Am - ?
Abraham’s characteristics
Righteous man, with wholehearted commitment to God
A an of peace; compassionate and hospitable
A quick-acting warrior
An unscrupulous liar to save his own skin
Afraid of being killed, so he said sarah, his wife, is his
sister
A man of great spiritual depth and strength
A person with common human weakness and needs
Abraham in post biblical Judaism
Temple Judaism to scripture Judaism
Jewesh piety
They are in diaspora
Circumcision is to create an identity and cohesion
Emphasis on Abraham’s testing by God and his endurance
Abraham in Christianity
they accepted the Abraham traditions and the old testament
Father of the Faithful
The emphasis is not so much in Law but Faith, faith in Jesus
Christ
The chosen one
Romans 4:13
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Jewish community said it was about the Law but not on
faith, in thi: paul emphasized on faith
Galatians 3:6-9
Abraham in Islam
The First of the Prophets
He was the fist to convert to the true God and to preach
against idolatry of his people
He is regarded as the first Muslim for he practiced islam –
absolute obedience to God – when he was tested by
command to sacrifice his son.
Abraham, with his son Ishmael,the father of Arabs, was
responsible for founding of the Ka’bah in Mecca the first
sanctuary of God
You tube video: I Gotta Love You Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish newyear
– Symbols
Shofar – Lamb’s/Ram’s Horn
Honey and Apples
Tashley – Cast away of sin, throw bread in water with live
fish
Moses statue
Book of life
– Significance
It is for repentance
Contemplate in the past deeds of the year
Word meaning – Head of the year
Rosh –Head
Ha- the
Shana – year
Fall on Tishray, 7th month of Hebrew Calendar
Month of tishray is the month believed god created world
It is the birhtday of the world
Teshuva – when they think about their past deeds
Jews are encouraged to say sorry to enemies
It is for peace
A time of life and death
Mashord – It’s own prayer book
Famous prayer – about life and death
L’shanah tovah – greeting for new year
L’/Shanah/Tovah
Blowing of Shofar
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Has to do it 100 times
A reminder to repent
Tashlich
Bread throwing
Aplpes and honey
Sweet honey = sweet new year
Has prayers before and after
May God give them sweet life
Round bread
Continuation of life
– Pomegrenate
Eating one a night before
It contains 613 seeds – there are 613 laws in the torah
Symbolic hope – the good things will come as many seeds
there are
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