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Lecture

RLG203 (Jan 28, 2013).docx

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Department
Religion
Course
RLG203H5
Professor
Kyle Smith
Semester
Winter

Description
RLG203 Lecture 4 - SONG: Blood Pt.2 – Buck 65 - When did Paul die? o In the 60s o Dying in Rome as a martyr as described around 64 AD? o Book: Paul the Martyr (By: David L. Eastman) o He was dead before the destruction of the temple in 70 AD - Why weren’t the Pastoral Epistles (non-Pauline texts) cut from the Bible? o Became part of the scriptures o They fit with what was going on and in the context o Just because not one guy wrote it, doesn’t make it any less important o Just because a section was added in later, doesn’t render it any less important - If baptism was supposed to replace circumcision, then why do many Christians still circumcise their sons? o In the 1980s, Canada stopped paying for circumcision - Christ circumcised (By: Andrew S. Jacobs) o Medieval Christians and even later on, they didn’t practice circumcision o 100 years ago, this practice re-emerged so that people did not masturbate and not because of health reasons - According to Kennedy, religion is... o Certain practices that is theorized after - Why is a Eucharistic (or “thanksgiving”) meal central to Christian practice? Why is it often called a “sacrificial” meal? - Baptism of Christ picture - Baptism: ritually dying and then reborn with Christ; cleansing - Why was Christ baptized then? o He represents the High Priest so that He is ritually cleansed and He becomes an example to all of His followers to do the same o John 3:5 (“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”) o 1 Peter 3:20-21  Referring to Noah and the Flood corresponding to Baptism to be saved - How to distinguish from Christians and Jews o Second century is when it’s time for Christian self definition o Institution developing in some churches and different brands of churches o Gospel of Thomas shows the things that Jesus said and about self-knowing and as Jesus as the revealer  Became a source of another type of Christianity  Gnosticism; focusing on the teachings of Jesus’ messages and teachings; believed that Jesus never came in human form and therefore never died  Heresy o Irenaeus  Coined Orthodox (straight thinking)  The opposite is heresy in which people choose to think what they want - Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew o Lots of denominations coming up early on and then come to a sort of consensus - Marcion of Sinope ca. 85-160 CE o His Bible cuts the Hebrew bible and of Matthew because the audience was to Jews o His focus was on Luke and Paul o Saw the creator God of the Hebrew Bible as different as the Father God o Said that Jesus wasn’t a real person but only clothes himself in flesh to blend in - Gnostic Christians o Gnosis = “knowledge” o Believed that a spark in themselves came from Father God o Their idea of Jesus was to show people the light and the spark within yourself and that was the path to salvation and set them free - Lost Scriptures: Books that Did Not Make It Into the New Testament - Nag Hammadi codices, discovered in Egypt - Matrix o Gnostic Christian imagery - Constantine the Great o First Christian Roman emperor o Turned Christianity into the religion of Rome o Ruled 306-337 C.E o Intended to use it as a vehicle for imperial unity o Gathered all the Bishops and from different regions o Condemning Asius - Asius said that Jesus as ‘homoousios’ o One nature: same divine essence as God the Father o He said that Jesus wasn’t the same as God but was similar and have the similar essence - Nicene-Constantopolitan Creed o How to speak about God o Statement of faith o Means of establishing a yard stick and orthodoxy o Anathema: condemnation of any who believed otherwise - Sunday o Gather together as a community o Readings from scripture o Instruction in the readings from scripture o Eucharistic prayers and ritual meal o Collection for the poor and needy - Justin Martyr 150 CE : gathering together on a Sunday and Jesus rose again on a Sunday - 1 Corinthians 11: 23-26 o On the night that Jesus was betrayed, He had a dinner in which he broke the bread and drank the cup of wine as representations of His body and blood - Institution Narrative o Jesus was narrating the means in which He will be remembered and to be followed by people - St. Basil’s Roman Catholic Church (Toronto) - Greek Orthodox (Byzantine Divine Liturgy) - Coptic Orthodox Church - For people who have been baptized and initiated into the church - Suovetaurilia (Greco Roman tradition) o Sacrifice of animals or other things o Setting aside a part for God and the rest is consumed by the people who followed God o Coming together of the community is important - The Angel of Death and the First Passover o Blood of sacrificed lamb marking on the doors so that the angel will pass over the Jewish households - Passover Seder Plate o Bitter herbs (bitterness of slavery) o Meat (sacrificial lamb symbolism); not eaten or touched - The Last Supper that Jesus ate was the Passover meal o Jesus was identifying himself with the meal o He becomes the Passover lamb - Real presence - Adoration of the Eucharist Blog question: why is the eucharist considered a sacrificial meal? What influences did the Jewish and Roman-Greco have on the eucharist and how are they different? Rituals of Prayer, Worship, and the Eucharist (article) - Traditional Christian ritual meal as described by Paul in first Corinthians - “This is my body t
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