According to the Gospels, Jesus instructed his followers to go forth and "make disciples of all
So why have Christians often established insular communities set apart from the world?
What is a monk?
The idea that someone is on their own, gone out metaphorically out in the desert out of society,
perfecting themselves before returning to the world, if that is perhaps possible
From the Greek word askesis meaning 'practice' or 'training'
Training mentally, for the body i.e. athlete training and working there to perfect muscle and get
Training in the desert, spiritual perfection
Salvador Dali: The Temptation of Antony
The naked woman represents putting away sexual desire and resisting temptation of luxury and
wealth and resisting temptation of the flesh and family, all the power that knowledge would bring…
From Greek eremos meaning 'desert' or 'wilderness'
The idea of a waste place and hermit living there, with Antony being the essential one
What we know about hermits is from stories
The one who wrote most famous stories of Antony was Athanasius of Alexandria (The life of Antony)
Biographies written with particular agenda of promoting Antony as perfect Christian, as one
they should emulate, as ideal
o Antony is apparently this illiterate man who had little prestige and power, didn't come from
high class power and little education and went out into the desert
Greek fro 'holy writing' or 'holy stories'
For men and women both
Became stories of the martyrs
Think they might be sharing the suffering of Christ by living like that
Temptations of Christ
St. Mark's Basilica (Venice)
Christ is shown as gone out in the desert for 40 days to fast and pray and reconcile himself to what
may become of him
He's tempted by Satan in 3 different ways
Brings bundle of rocks and says if you're hungry, turn them into …
Says to worship me and bow down and I'll give you worldly power
Says if you are who you are, jump down cliff angels will rescue you
Devil is depicted as someone dark skinned like Egyptian, Ethiopian
o Dark is depicted kind of in a racist way
Jesus Temped in the Desert
J. Tissot, late 19th c.
Jesus’ death is model for martyrdom and Jesus fasting is a model for ascetics and monasticism
A lot of how we define how this is conveyed is from ko-on (?) like sayings i.e. Moses says sit in a cell