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Lecture 2

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Alireza Haghighi

Tuesday January1111 INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMLECTURE TWO Why is Arabias Way of Life Called Jahiliyya1 Lack of Tawhid believe in one GodTwo opinions among Islamic scholars regarding the preIslamic Arabs approach to God a Monotheism belief in one god did exist prior to Islam Evidences both Jewish and Christian Arab communities had been present in Arabia before Muhammad SAW Christians were also present in Mecca b The main characteristic of Jahiliyya period is polytheism Evidences The Arabian God was associated with three goddesses who were the daughters of Allah AlLat Manat and alUzzaOnce Tawhid is introduced people are no longer killing each other for revenge for family blood or because of the leader War and trade used to be the main business amongst rival tribes When you redirect loyalty from the tribe to God it has a huge impact on the result People believe in God not the leader Theyre fighting with the people or a group because God ordered them not because their tribe commands it of them Theyre fighting for truth In the first stage Jahiliyya they were killing each other because of tribal loyaltiesIn Islam you cannot conduct trade without guidelines In Jahiliyya everyone was out to make money at any cost Islam prohibits this Islam forbade interest Islam is against I dont careWhy is the issue of Jahiliyya important The new radical Muslims use the term Jahiliyya to describe Western societies Al Qaeda describes Western civilization as being in a state of JahiliyyaProphet Muhammad SAW changed the loyalty causing changes in War and trade as well as in social relationsProphet Muhammad SAW had an answer to the political crisis There was now going to be accountability Leaders could no longer do what they wanted They are accountable If the leaders said I dont care they did not warrant being in positions of power What is the impact of Islamic order for the political crisis2 Arab society was characterized by fatalism No meaning or accountability beyond this lifeNo resurrection of the bodyNo divine judgment or eternal punishment or rewardJustice was guaranteed and administered not by God but by the threat of group vengeance or retaliationLittle sense of cosmic moral purpose or individual or communal moral responsibilitiesMight was right
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