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Lecture 3

RLG204H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Farewell Pilgrimage

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Alireza Haghighi

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Battle of Uhud
Meccans determined to avenge their defeat at Badr,
organized a force to move against Medina
one of the worst lost was the prophets uncle, Hamza
in the end the Meccans withdrew claiming to have evened
the score
the Qur’an assures Muslim that it was a test, how else
could god known who were true believers except by
observing who persevered in the face of adversity
The peace of al-hudaybiyya and the farewell pilgrimage
in the sixth year after he entered Medina, Muhammad felt
confident enough of his position to attempt a pilgrimage to
according to the terms of the agreement, Muslims were not
to enter mecca that year but would be allowed to come for
three nights to perform pilgrimage in future years
there was no victory in Islam like this
people met safely, there was no war
in the tenth year after the Hijra Muhammad performed the
pilgrimage for the last time, he delivered his most famous
and most treasured speech, he concluded with unity
Muhammad died in the quarters of his wife Aisha
The Qur’an
Qur’an should be thought of as a sort of anthology of
discrete recitations
the Qur’an is a sacred object
the reason that the fragments were preserved at all was that
someone considered the physical copies and fragments of
the Qur’an to be sacred
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